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The History and Philosophy of Astronomy Lecture 7: Middle Ages. Islam. Presentation

The History and Philosophy of Astronomy Lecture 7: Middle Ages. Islam. Presentation

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Published by ertipole2
Volker Bromm. University of Texas at Austin. Medieval Astronomy and Cosmology. Europe Recovers: Later Middle Ages. New Spirit of Exploration. Rediscovery of Ancient Knowledge: Arabic Transmission. Emergence of the University. Structure of Medieval University. Scholasticism: inconsistencies in ancient astronomy. Adopting Ptolemy’s Almagest: Sacrobosco. The Christian Universe: Thomas Aquinas. Dante’s Divine Comedy. The Empyrean: Dante and Beatrice behold Paradise. Scholastic Critique of Aristotle. Projectile Motion: Aristotle’s Theory. Buridan’s Theory. Motion of Earth is possible: Nicole Oresme. Aristotelian Argument against Earth’s Rotation. Oresme’s Argument for Earth’s Rotation. A Universe without limit: Nicolaus of Cusa. Astronomy in the Middle Ages (Scholastic Period)
Volker Bromm. University of Texas at Austin. Medieval Astronomy and Cosmology. Europe Recovers: Later Middle Ages. New Spirit of Exploration. Rediscovery of Ancient Knowledge: Arabic Transmission. Emergence of the University. Structure of Medieval University. Scholasticism: inconsistencies in ancient astronomy. Adopting Ptolemy’s Almagest: Sacrobosco. The Christian Universe: Thomas Aquinas. Dante’s Divine Comedy. The Empyrean: Dante and Beatrice behold Paradise. Scholastic Critique of Aristotle. Projectile Motion: Aristotle’s Theory. Buridan’s Theory. Motion of Earth is possible: Nicole Oresme. Aristotelian Argument against Earth’s Rotation. Oresme’s Argument for Earth’s Rotation. A Universe without limit: Nicolaus of Cusa. Astronomy in the Middle Ages (Scholastic Period)

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Published by: ertipole2 on Aug 10, 2010
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10/25/2012

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The History and Philosophyof Astronomy
(Lecture 7: Middle Ages/Islam II)
Instructor: Volker BrommTA: Jarrett JohnsonThe University of Texas at Austin
Astronomy 350L
(Fall 2006)
 
MedievalAstronomy and Cosmology
Middle Ages I (Sep. 19)
-Decline of Western (Mediterranean) Civilization-
Early Middle Ages (“Dark Ages”): 500 –1000 AD
-Ascendancy of Islamic Astronomy
(800 1400 AD)
-
Preservation and transformation of ancient knowledge
Middle Ages II (Sep. 21)
-Recovery of European Civilization-
High and Late Middle Ages (c. 1000 –1450 AD)
-Setting the Stage for the Copernican Revolution-
Recasting of the Ancient Tradition
 
Europe Recovers: Later Middle Ages
(c. 1000 –1450)
Romanesque: e.g., Dome in Speyer
(1030-1061)
Gothic: e.g., Chartres cathedral
(1145-1220)

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