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Slums of Manappatiparambu

Slums of Manappatiparambu

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Published by Gautam Jayasurya

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Gautam Jayasurya on Aug 14, 2010
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08/14/2010

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A visit to Slums of Manappaty Parambu on 02/07/2009A report: Localities v. Migrants
 
Introduction
Internal migration is now recognized as an important factor ininfluencing social and economic development, especially indeveloping countries.
 
 The city of Cochin has the reputation of ayoung rising metro in India. It has all the potential to be city likeMumbai or Chennai in the years to come. But it miserably failsin the management of these resources for the social welfare. The local authorities tend to forget that along with constructionof skyscrapers it is also essential to achieve Millennium Goalssuch as eradication of poverty and providing basic amenities of life mentioned in Indian constitution.Among those who have a proper place to live complain of guttery and uneven roads and dirty streets. Those who doesn’thave one, has no choice but to evade some government ownedland. This has been one of the major problems this city hasbeen facing since its rise in the real estate market value.Our recent visit to Manappatiparambu, one of the infamousslums in the heart area of Cochin helped us to gauge theintensity of the issue. We met the localities as well as themigrants. We heard both the views and came to a conclusionwhich is far more pragmatic.
 
What did local residents have to say?
Local residents of Manappaty Parambu, were not at all in goodterms with migrants who were residing in the plot which isunder the ownership of GCDA and Kochi Corporation when wevisited there on 2
nd
July. They accuse the activities of migrantlabours to be the main cause behind unhygienicnieghbourhood, disturbances in the night, polluting theenvironment and increasing crimes. Locals believe that eventhough the migrants have enough money to rent a house theydeliberately restrain from it, in order to save money. In this waythey are using the limited public resources such as fresh watertaps etc for bathing of tax paying locality’s cost. They havebeen complaining of Kochi Corporation’s senseless decision towaste the resources by allowing migrants to live in a plot,situated in the centre part of city, which if wisely used, is amajor revenue source.
What did the migrants have to say?
As the migrant homes were demolished on 1
st
July, i.e. a daybefore we visited there, the migrant was in a very sorry state of affairs. They were mainly from Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh andKarnataka. About 70% of the inhabitants had left before wecame. They follow a schedule of 3 months of labour outsidetheir homeland and remaining 8 months back to their homes.According to their testimonials, on an average they receivearound Rs.350 per day for manual labour, gardening, farmingetc. They say that there are very few Anti-social elementswithin their group who creates all the problems in thenieghbourhood for which a large number of innocents need tosuffer. They points out that the most of the criminals are from Tamil Nadu besides they don’t have a proper identity also. Allthe houses which were earlier occupied by them have beendemolished and the plot is going to be turned into a parking lot.
 
 They complain that the locals refuse lent houses to them due tocultural reasons and fear. In a meeting of one of the residents’associations in the city, a Police Officer in the local policestation is reported to have warned the residents of the need fortaking additional precautions while renting out the premises tothe migrants. Around 60% of the total enumerated populations werefemales. As far as inter-state movement is concerned there is asignificant sex difference is found. The reasons for migration have been classified into sevenbroad groups – work/employment, business, education,marriage, moved at birth, moved with family and others. It isobserved that employment among males and marriage amongfemales are the main reasons for migration. Associationalreasons – movement on account of accompanying parents orany other member of the family is elicited second mostimportant reason among both male and female intercensalmigrants. JAWAHARLAL NEHRU NATIONAL URBAN RENEWAL MISSIONDevelopment of slums are one of highest priorities in commonminimum programme of the incumbent government throughthis project for providing shelter, basic services and otherrelated civic amenities with a view to providing utilities to theurban poor. It is proposed to take up a comprehensiveprogramme of urban renewal and expansion of social housingin towns and cities, paying attention to the needs of slumdwellers. It offers projects for providing houses at affordablecost for slum dwellers, urban poor, economically weakersections (EWS) and lower income group (LIG) categories. Thiswill be administered by the Ministry of Urban Employment andPoverty Alleviation through the Sub-Mission Directorate forBasic Services to the Urban Poor.

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