8. A nurse is eating in the hospital cafeteria when a toddler at a nearby table chokes on apiece of food and appears slightly blue. The appropriate initial action should be toA)Begin mouth to mouth resuscitationB)Give the child water to help in swallowing
C)Perform 5 abdominal thrusts
D)Call for the emergency response teamThe correct answer is C: Perform 5 abdominal thrustsAt this age, the most effective way to clear the airway of food is to perform abdominalthrusts.9. The emergency room nurse admits a child who experienced a seizure at school. Thefather comments that this is the first occurrence, and denies any family history of epilepsy. What is the best response by the nurse?A)"Do not worry. Epilepsy can be treated with medications."
B)"The seizure may or may not mean your child has epilepsy."
C)"Since this was the first convulsion, it may not happen again."D)"Long term treatment will prevent future seizures."The correct answer is B: "The seizure may or may not mean your child has epilepsy."There are many possible causes for a childhood seizure. These include fever, centralnervous system conditions, trauma, metabolic alterations and idiopathic (unknown).10. A nurse admits a 3 week-old infant to the special care nursery with a diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. As the nurse reviews the birth history, which data would bemost consistent with this diagnosis?A)Gestational age assessment suggested growth retardationB)Meconium was cleared from the airway at deliveryC)Phototherapy was used to treat Rh incompatibility
D)The infant received mechanical ventilation for 2 weeks
The correct answer is D: The infant received mechanical ventilation for 2 weeksBronchopulmonary dysplasia is an iatrogenic disease caused by therapies such as use of positive-pressure ventilation used to treat lung disease.11. Parents of a 6 month-old breast fed baby ask the nurse about increasing the baby'sdiet. Which of the following should be added first?
B)EggsC)MeatD)JuiceThe correct answer is A: CerealThe guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that one new food beintroduced at a time, beginning with strained cereal.12. A victim of domestic violence states, "If I were better, I would not have been beat."Which feeling best describes what the victim may be experiencing?