The Russian Journal of Genetic Genealogy: Vol 1, №2, 2010ISSN: 1920-2989 http://ru.rjgg.org © All rights reserved
The origin of haplogroup I1-M253in Eastern Europe
One of the actual issues of modern genetic genealogy is the origin of a haplogroup. It is not easy to connect da-ta on genetics, archeology, linguistics, anthropology and other related sciences. In this paper the author tries tofind the root of haplogroup I1-M253 in Eastern Europe.
Haplogroup I1* together with it’s relative sub-clades I2a* and I2b* is the native European hap-logroup because its frequencies outside Europeare extremely small. This spreading of carriers of this haplogroup gave basis to consider carriers of I1 as the descendants of Paleo-European popula-tion. The area of haplogroup I1-M253 is concen-trated mainly in the north of Europe, in the Scan-dinavian countries. There are also local of I1 inEngland (15,4%) , Sicily (up to 18,75%) and in the centre of European Russia (up to 17%). The presence of carriers of haplogroup I1-M253 at British Isles is associated with the ex-pansion of the Vikings and the Normans, whichwas proved by historical and genealogical stu-dies, though the ancient migrations are alsopossible. In Sicily, haplogroup I1-M253 stronglycorrelates with Norman invasions from the terri-tory of modern France (Normandy, I1 – 11,9%)and the foundation of the Kingdom of Sicily (Sici-lian Kingdom) in 1130. However, the presence of haplogroup I1-M253 with high frequencies in thecenter of the European part of Russia brings up alot of questions. E.V. Balanovskaya and O.P. Ba-lanovsky state the following about it in their book«The Russian gene pool of the Russian Plain»:«Spreading of «Nordic» haplogroup I1a inRussian area is considered quite unexpected (Fig.1). The high values of I1a would be predictedclose to Scandinavia in the northwest of Russianarea. There, as well as at the western boundary«Varangian» influence can be expected in theform of high frequencies of I1a. However, com-pact maximum of I1a (11-12%) is located in anentirely different area at the north-east. This lo-cal centre stands out against the background of low frequencies (less than 6%), which are typicalof the rest of the Russian area. The presence of this center is based on data of three Russianpopulations studied by extensive sampling. Of course, in comparison with frequencies of I1a inScandinavia (25-40%), this local maximum isminor. But its remoteness from the main zone of high frequencies of this haplogroup in Scandina-via requires explanation. It is hard to explain thislocal maximum by close relations between Scan-dinavia and regions of Transvolga and basin of Vychegda excluding other relative Russian re-gions. Apparently, history of population of haplo-group I1a is more complicated than a simple ex-pansion from Scandinavia, and it may include an-cient relations between the Finno-Ugric peoplesof Eastern Europe and the ancestors of German-speaking Scandinavians».
____________________________________________________________Received: May 11 2010; accepted: May 12 2010; published: May 16 2010Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org