LM340 Series ThreeTerminal PositiveRegulators
The LM340-XX are three terminal 1.0Apositive voltage regu-lators, with preset output voltages of 5.0V or 15V. TheLM340 regulators are complete 3-terminal regulators requir-ing no external components for normal operation. However,by adding a few parts, one may improve the transient re-sponse, provide for a variable output voltage, or increase theoutput current. Included on the chip are all of the functionalblocks required of a high stability voltage regulator; theseappear in
.The error amplifier is internally compensated; the voltagereference is especially designed for low noise and highpredictability; and, as the pass element is included, theregulator contains fixed current limiting and thermal protec-tion. The LM340 is available in either metal can TO-3 orplastic TO-220 package.
1.0 Circuit Design
Usually IC voltage regulators use temperature-compensatedzeners as references. Such zeners exhibit BV
6.0V whichsets the minimum supply voltage somewhat above 6.0V.Additionally they tend to be noisy, thus a large bypass ca-pacitor is required.
illustrates a simplified reference using the predict-able temperature, voltage, and current relationship ofemitter-base junctions.Assuming J
,Area (emitter Q1) = Area (emitter Q2), andV
the voltage reference includes R1–R3 andQ1–Q5. Q3 also acts as an error amplifier and Q6 as abuffer between Q3 and the current source. If the outputdrops, this drop is fed back, through R4, R5, Q4, Q5, to thebase of Q3. Q7 then conducts more current re-establishingthe output given by:(3)
FIGURE 1. Functional Block of the LM340
FIGURE 2. Simplified Volt Reference
National SemiconductorApplication Note 103George ClevelandAugust 1980
L M 3 4 0 S er i e sT h r e eT er mi n al P o si t i v eR e g ul a t or sA N - 1 0 3
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