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Brain Tumor Detection

Brain Tumor Detection

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Published by vanya_13111515
kmeans clustering
kmeans clustering

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: vanya_13111515 on Aug 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/29/2013

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BRAIN TUMOR DETECTION
USING
COLOR SPACED K MEANSCLUSTERING SEGMENTATION
1
 
Abstract:
In this project ,we propose a color based segmentation method that uses the K meansclustering technique to track tumor objects in magnetic resonance (MR) brain images.The key concept in this color based segmentation algorithm with k means means toconvert a given gray level MR image in to a color space image and then separate the position of tumor objects from other items of an MR image by using K means clusteringAnd histogram clustering .Experiments demonstrates that the method can successfullyachieve segmentation for MR brain images to help pathologists distinguish exactly lesionsize and region.2
 
INTRODUCTION
An Introduction to Image Segmentation
Image segmentation is the partition of an image into a set of non-overlappingregions whose union is the entire image. In the simplest case, one would only havean object region and a background region.A region cannot be declared a segment unless it is completely surrounded byedge pixels. It is not an easy task to make it known to a computer whatcharacteristics constitutes a ”meaningful” segmentation. For this reason, a set of rules in general segmentation procedures is required:• Regions of an image segmentation should be uniform and homogeneous withrespect to some characteristic (eg grey level or texture).• Region interiors should be simple and without many holes.• Adjacent regions of a segmentation should have significantly varying valueswith respect to the characteristic on which they are uniform.• Boundaries of each segment should be simple, not ragged, and must bespatially accurate.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is often the medical imaging method of choice when soft tissue delineation is necessary. This is especially true for anyattempt to segment brain tissues, normal or abnormal. Image segmentation is a toolthat has been applied to medical imaging modalities to differentiate tissue types for  purposes of volume measurement and visualization.Healthy brain tissue can generally be classified into three broad tissue types onthe basis of an MR image.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), digitalmammography, and other imaging modalities provide an effective means for noninvasive mapping the anatomy of a subject. These technologies have greatlyincreased knowledge of normal and diseased anatomy for medical research and area critical component in diagnosis and treatment planning. With the increasing size3

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