Virtual Valve Museum
Transmit Receive Cells
TB (Transmitter Blocking) Cells also called ATR (Anti-TR) Cells
Pre TR Cells
Broadband and combination cells
See the TR Cell section of the museum
In any radar installation where a single antenna is used for both transmitter and receiver, a duplexer must be used. This channels power from thetransmitter to the antenna, and subsequent echoes to the receiver.It must also protect the receiver from excessive power from the transmitter. TR Cells are used for this purpose.I some cases it is also necessary to decouple the transmitting device from the aerial so it does not interfere with the minute received energy reflectedfrom the distant object. TB (or ATR) Cells are used for this purpose.
The TR Cell
(e.g.CV43)A conventional TR Cell is a gas discharge tube, acting as an electronic switch. This is used to short the receiver input and thus protect it. Thetransmitted pulse causes the gap in the cell to break down, thus forming the short circuit.
The TB or ATR Cell
(e.g.CV115)The function of a TB Cell is to prevent received energy being wasted in the circuitry associated solely with the transmitter. Like the TR Cell, when thetransmitter emits a pulse the TB Cell breaks down and does not interfere with the transmitted pulse. After the pulse, the TB cell opens again andbecause of its position in the circuit it causes the impedance of the transmitter to be infinite, thus preventing any of the received energy reaching it.Gas discharge tubes take time to turn on, and longer to turn off again. Often a keep-alive is used to prime the cell ready for action. Thegas in the cell is critical to the time it takes for it to ionize and deionize, and water vapour proves to be the most stable.