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CA9Doc 71

CA9Doc 71

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Published by Kathleen Perrin
Amicus brief by American Civil Rights Union in support of Proponents (Appellants) Submitted 9/24/2010
Amicus brief by American Civil Rights Union in support of Proponents (Appellants) Submitted 9/24/2010

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Published by: Kathleen Perrin on Sep 25, 2010
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09/28/2010

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No. 10−
16696U
NITED
S
TATES
C
OURT OF
A
PPEALSFOR THE
N
INTH
C
IRCUIT
 _________________________________
K
RISTIN
P
ERRY
,
 
et al.,
Plaintiffs-Appellees
,v.A
RNOLD
S
CHWARZENEGGER
,
 
et al.,
 Defendants
,andD
ENNIS
H
OLLINGSWORTH
,
 
et al.,
 Defendant-Intervenors-Appellants.
_____________________________________Appeal from the United States District Courtfor the Northern District of CaliforniaCivil Case No.
09−CV−2292
VRW(Honorable Vaughn R. Walker)_____________________________________BRIEF OF
 AMICUS CURIAE 
AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS UNIONIN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANT-INTERVENORS-APPELLANTSAND REVERSAL_____________________________________K
ENNETH
A.
 
K
LUKOWSKI
 
Counsel of Record 
 A
MERICAN
C
IVIL
R
IGHTS
U
NION
3213 Duke Street, #625Alexandria, Virginia 22314(703) 807-0242
 Attorney for Amicus Curiae
Case: 10-16696 09/24/2010 Page: 1 of 40 ID: 7487169 DktEntry: 71
 
i
FED. R. APP. P. 26.1 CORPORATE DISCLOSURE STATEMENT
Pursuant to the Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure,
 Amicus Curiae
AmericanCivil Rights Union declares the following:The American Civil Rights Union has not issued stock to the public, has noparent company, and no subsidiary. No publicly-held company owns 10% or moreof its stock.Dated September 24, 2010 Respectfully submitted, /s/ Kenneth A. KlukowskiKenneth A. KlukowskiCounsel for
 Amicus Curiae
AmericanCivil Rights Union
Case: 10-16696 09/24/2010 Page: 2 of 40 ID: 7487169 DktEntry: 71
 
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DISCLOSURE STATEMENT.
……………………………………………………
iTABLE OF CONTENTS ...
……………………………………………………….
iiTABLE OF AUTHORITIES
……………………………………………………
.. ivINTEREST OF
 AMICUS CURIAE 
 
……………………………………………...
.. 1SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ...
…………………………………………………
1ARGUMENT .
…………………………………………………………………….. 4
 I. F
UNDAMENTAL RIGHTS ARE DEEPLY
-
ROOTED IN
A
MERICAN HISTORY ANDTRADITION
,
SHOWING THEM ESSENTIAL TO AN
A
MERICAN REGIME OF ORDEREDLIBERTY
…………………………………………………………………………
 
5A. Fundamental rights must be deeply rooted in our history and tradition to beessential to an American regime of liberty
………………………………………………………………………. 7
 B. In developing substantive due process, the Supreme Court has increasinglyfocused its inquiries on history andtradition
…………………….………………………………………………. 9
 C.
This Court‟s
 Nordyke
opinion correctly applied the proper test for
fundamentality……………………………………………………………. 16
 D.
The Supreme Court‟s recent decision in
 McDonald v. Chicago
confirms the
 Nordyke
panel opinion as to the correct test for
fundamentality……………………………………………………………. 18
 II. S
AME
-
SEX MARRIAGE DOES NOT COME WITHIN A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT BECAUSEFUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS MUST BE NARROWLYDEFINED
………………………………………………………………………..
 
20A. Any asserted fundamental right must be carefully and narrowly defined
… 21
 
Case: 10-16696 09/24/2010 Page: 3 of 40 ID: 7487169 DktEntry: 71

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