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Jar Dieties in Japanese Mythology

Jar Dieties in Japanese Mythology

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Published by ardeegee

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Published by: ardeegee on Jul 06, 2008
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03/23/2011

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"MikaW- JarDeities Japanese Mythology
Contents
1.
Introduction.
2.
Mythology Related to the Jar Deities.a. The Birth of the Fire God.b. The Slaying of the Fire God.c. The Slaying of the Food Goddess.d.The Slaying of the
8
Headed Serpent.
e.
The Symbolic Killing of the Agriculture Champion.f.Killings when the Heaven Deities Subdue the Land Deities.g. The Jar Deity assists Emperor Jimmu.h. Emperor Jimmu's Jar Making Festival.i. Jimmu's Jar Festival for Divination.
j.
Other Jar Festivals.k. The Shaman, Oho Ta Ta Ne
KO,
nd Jars.
3.
Summary.
4.
Conclusions.
1.
IntroductionIn the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki there are deities which arecalled "Mikan-"Jar". It seems that most scholars have theopinion that the Chinese character %-jar-is not to be takenin its literal sense, hut is to he considered a borrowed character,used in place of &di-Ika-which means awful, stern, wondrous.lHowever, the author believes that this paper shows that the
(1)
The list is long and includes many authorities. Among recentpublications are the following: Numazawa, Die Weltanfange in derjapanischen Mythologie, Librarie du Recueil Sirey, Paris-Verlag JosefStocker, Luzern,
1946,
p.
272;
KN,
p.
62,
note
5.
 
82 WILLIAM
P.
FAIRCHILD
term "Mika" makes perfectly good sense when given the niean-ing jar, and that there is no reason to search for some hiddenmeaning or to construct some linguistic theory to explain themeaning. To arrive at this conclusion, the author traces thelineage of the jar in Japanese mythology.2. Mythology Related to the Jar Deitiesa. The Birth of the Fire God.(1)
Kojiki.
Izanami, the first mother, gave birth to theFire God.She was burned and began to die. She became verysick. Her vomit turned into male and female metal deities; herfaeces became male and female clay deities; her urine becamea water goddess; and then she gave birth to the goddess ofvegetation. This last goddess had a daughter, a food goddess.Then the Ur-Mother died.2(2)
Ni'hon Shoki.
The main text says that after being burn-ed by the Fire God, the Ur-Mother gave birth to a clay deityand a water deity. The Fire God married the Clay Goddessand they had a child, the Goddess of Vegetation, on whose headwere produced the silkworm and the mulberry tree, and in whosenavel were the five kinds of grains3Verrsion
#1
says that the Ur-Mother gave birth to theWater Goddess, the Clay Goddess and the Gourd of Heaven4Version
#2
says that the Ur-Mother's vomit became a MetalDeity, and her excrement a Clay Deit~.~
(3)
Names of the Deities Produced by Izanami.(a) The Fire God's Names.HI NO ya gi HAYA WO NO KAMI (K)6
AX@Q
%
@+
Fire Burning Fast Male Deity
(2)KN, p. 59 f; KT, p. 37
f,
and page 34.(3)NS, Vol. 1, pp. 173, 174, 178, 180. 182. 183.(4) NS, Vo. 1, pp. 173, 174, 180.(5) Ibid, p. 182
f.
(6)
Capital letters in the names of deities indicate that the Chinesecharacters are to be given a literal meani~g. Small letters indicate thatthe Chinese characters are for sound only as stated in the Kojiki.
(K)
means Kojiki. (NS) means Nihon Shoki.
 
"M1KA"-JAR
DEITIES
IN
JAPANESE MYTHOLOGY
83
HI NO ka gu TSUCHI NO KAMI (K)
Ikzas
*
%$
Fire Odor Earth DeityHI NO KAGA bi ko KAMI (K)
Jkz
1%
E
@$
Fire Bright Prince DeityKA GU TSU CHI (NS)
@J%%@
Axle Sudden-meeting Sudden-Knowledge(b) The Metal Deities' Names.KANA YAMA bi ko NO KAMI (K)
$2
clr
ES
i@
Metal Mountain Prince DeityKANA YAMA HIKO (NS)
42
clr
f%
Metal Mountain PrinceKANA YAMA bi me NO KAMI (K)
&
clr
B52
i@
Metal Mountain Princess(c) The Clay Deities' Namesha ni ya su bi ko NO KAMI (K)
?&@@?a
ES
78
Clay for Pottery Making Prince Deityha ni ya su bi me NO KAMI (K)
?&BRB
E
B
iTirfr
Clay for Pottery Maliing Princess DeityHANI YANIA HIME (NS)
fB
Lh
?B
Pottery-Clay Mountain PrincessHANIYA.SU NO KAMI (NS)
$3
%
%4
Pottery-Clay Easy Deity(d) The Water Deities' Names.MI TSU HA NO me NO KAMI (K)
%
8
Rk
it$
B
i@

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