J. Inst. Agric. Anim. Sci. 30:143-149 (2009) 143
Research ArticleRECIPROCAL RELATION BETWEEN POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT: INNOVATIONSON FLORA DATA COLLECTIOND. R. Dangol
Institute for Social and Environmental ResearchFulbari, Chitwan, NeppalE-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
In recent years, social and natural scientists have gained interest in understanding reciprocal relationsbetween human populations and the environment. Research methods have been developed forinvestigating the secrets of interations of human and environment. This paper describes the flora datacollection methods used in a longitudinal research project “Reciprocal Relation Between Populationand the Environment” and highlights how the research sites were selected, how the research plots weredesigned in each site and how the qualitative and quantitative data of flora found in each research plotwere recorded. This paper also discusses how the flora data can be linked with sociodemographic dataand how the data can be used to unfold the effect of human activities on flora diversity and/or the effectof flora on the life of the human population in the study area.
Human population, research methods, data analysis, longitudinal research, research design.
We can see tremendous interest of both natural as well as social scientists in the investigation of relationships between human populations and the environment (Subedi, 2000; Mathema, 2000). Eachschool of scientists works separately and develops the methodology for their purposes. As a result,ecologists give more attention to plants or animals or environment and less to human population (seeDuwadi
., 2002). Social scientists give more attention to human dimensions andwork out and develop their methodologies (for example, Dahal, 2000; K.C., 1998). It is felt important towork together in collaborative research so that the secrets of the interrelationship between population andenvironment can be unfolded. To fill up the gap, we develop a longitudinal research project to studyreciprocal relations between population and the environment. For this study we work together and developmethodology. In this paper, I attempt to highlight on (1) location of our research sites and plots, (2) designof research plots, and (3) data sets we collected. I also try to give appropriate examples of our methods.
Location of Research Sites and Plots
We define a research plot as a 10 × 10 m
stratified fashion in the forests, grasslands of ChitwanNational Park and common lands decided on the basis of 1992 aerial map. The research plots wereconfined in the different sites (Blocks), in the Western Chitwan Valley of lowland Nepal.
Forest Block A
To the east of the study site lies the Tikauli/Barandavar Jungle which extends about 13 km south of the East-West Highway. The entire research plots of this Block A in the Tikauli Jungle are located withinthis strip of forest. Each set of plots is approximately 1,250 m (4,100 ft) wide, running inward from theedge of the forest to the center. The area within which the 62 plots are located is the Sampling Frame of Forest Block A. The research plots are based on Plot Sampling Method. The plots are designated asA0101, A0102, A0103, A0104, A0105.The Sampling Frame of Forest Block A consists of twelve rows, the first 11 rows with 5 research plotsin each row and 12
one with only 3 research plots. The remaining four plots (A0P08, A0P88 A0P09A0P99) were selected, 2 from left side and 2 from right side of the Khageri Irrigation Canal.