12/13/91AC 60- 22
assets available to a flight crew. CRMemphasizes good communication and otherinterpersonal elationship skills.e.
is required to accomplisha conscious, rational thought process whenmaking decisions. Good decision makinginvolves risk identification and assessment,information processing,and problem solving.f. Judgment is the mental process ofrecognizing and analyzing all pertinentinformation in a particular situation, a rationalevaluationof alternativeactions n response o it,and a timely decision on which action to take.
is the embodiment ofpersonal raits andcharacteristics f an ndividualthat are set at a very early age and extremelyresistant o change.h.
Poor Judgment (PJ) Chain
is aseriesof mistakes that may lead to an accidentorincident. ‘Iwo basic principles generallyassociatedwith the creationof a PJ chain are: (1)one bad decision often leads to another;and (2)as a string of bad decisionsgrows, it reduces henumber of subsequent lternatives or continuedsafe flight. ADM is intended to break the PJchain before t can causean accidentor incident.i.
is the part of thedecision making process which relies onsituational awareness, roblem recognition, andgood judgment to reduce risks associatedwitheach flight.
in ADM take intoconsideration he four fundamental isk elements:the pilot, the aircraft, the environment, and the
Th&as C. AccardiDirector,Flight Standards Service
type of operation that .comprise any givenaviation situation.k.
is the accurateperception and understandingof all the factorsand conditions within the four fundamental riskelements that affect safety before, during, andafter the flight.
Skills and Procedures are theprocedural, psychomotor, and perceptual skillsused o control a specific aircraft or its systems.They are the stick and rudder or airmanshipabilities that are gained through conventionaltraining, are perfected, and become almostautomatic through experience.m.
is the personalanalysisof the kinds of stressexperiencedwhile
flying, the application of appropriate stressassessmentools, and other coping mechanisms.n.
is a very high frequencyomnidirectional rangestation.
6 COMMENTS INVITED.
Commentsregarding his publication should be directed to:Federal Aviation AdministrationFlight StandardsNational Field Office,AFS-500 (Advisory Circular Staff)P.O. Box 20034, Gateway BuildingDulles International AirportWashington,DC 2004 -2034Every comment will not necessarily generateadirect acknowledgement to the commenter.Comments received will be considered n thedevelopment of upcoming revisions to AC’s orother related technical material.
iii (and iv)