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Plates and Shells

Plates and Shells

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Published by tambok

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categoriesTopics, Art & Design
Published by: tambok on Nov 04, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Lecture 8.1 : Introduction to Plate Behaviourand Design
Top 1. INTRODUCTION 2. BASIC BEHAVIOUR OF A PLATE PANEL 2.1 Geometric and Boundary Conditions 2.2 In-plane Actions 2.3 Out-of-plane Actions 2.4 Determination of Plate Panel Actions 2.5 Variations in Buckled Mode 2.6 Grillage Analogy for Plate Buckling 2.7 Post Buckling Behaviour and Effective Widths 2.8 The Influences of Imperfections on the Behaviour of Actual Plates 2.9 Elastic Behaviour of Plates Under Lateral Actions 3. BEHAVIOUR OF STIFFENED PLATES 4. CONCLUDING SUMMARY 5. ADDITIONAL READING 
Lecture 8.1: Introduction to Plate Behaviour and Design
To introduce the series of lectures on plates, showing the uses of plates to resist in-plane and out-of-plane loadingand their principal modes of behaviour both as single panels and as assemblies of stiffened plates.
Lecture 8.2: Behaviour and Design of Unstiffened PlatesLecture 8.3: Behaviour and Design of Stiffened Plates
This lecture introduces the uses of plates and plated assemblies in steel structures. It describes the basic behaviour of plate panels subject to in-plane or out-of-plane loading, highlighting the importance of geometry and boundaryconditions. Basic buckling modes and mode interaction are presented. It introduces the concept of effective widthand describes the influence of imperfections on the behaviour of practical plates. It also gives an introduction to thebehaviour of stiffened plates.
Plates are very important elements in steel structures. They can be assembled into complete members by the basicrolling process (as hot rolled sections), by folding (as cold formed sections) and by welding. The efficiency of suchsections is due to their use of the high in-plane stiffness of one plate element to support the edge of its neighbour,thus controlling the out-of-plane behaviour of the latter.The size of plates in steel structures varies from about 0,6mm thickness and 70mm width in a corrugated steel sheet,to about 100mm thick and 3m width in a large industrial or offshore structure. Whatever the scale of constructionthe plate panel will have a thickness t that is much smaller than the width b, or length a. As will be seen later, themost important geometric parameter for plates is b/t and this will vary, in an efficient plate structure, within therange 30 to 250.
Understanding of plate structures has to begin with an understanding of the modes of behaviour of a single platepanel.
2.1 Geometric and Boundary Conditions
The important geometric parameters are thickness t, width b (usually measured transverse to the direction of thegreater direct stress) and length a, see Figure 1a. The ratio b/t, often called the plate slenderness, influences the localbuckling of the plate panel; the aspect ratio a/b may also influence buckling patterns and may have a significantinfluence on strength.
In addition to the geometric proportions of the plate, its strength is governed by its boundary conditions. Figure 1shows how response to different types of actions is influenced by different boundary conditions. Response to in-plane actions that do not cause buckling of the plate is only influenced by in-plane, plane stress, boundaryconditions, Figure 1b. Initially, response to out-of-plane action is only influenced by the boundary conditions fortransverse movement and edge moments, Figure 1c. However, at higher actions, responses to both types of actionconditions are influenced by all four boundary conditions. Out-of-plane conditions influence the local buckling, seeFigure 1d; in-plane conditions influence the membrane action effects that develop at large displacements (>t) underlateral actions, see Figure 1e.
2.2 In-plane Actions
As shown in Figure 2a, the basic types of in-plane actions to the edge of a plate panel are the distributed action thatcan be applied to a full side, the patch action or point action that can be applied locally.

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