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Chronology of Persecutions of Babis and Bahá'ís

Chronology of Persecutions of Babis and Bahá'ís

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Published by Jheniefeer Sayyáh

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Published by: Jheniefeer Sayyáh on Nov 20, 2010
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Chronology of Persecutions of Babis and Baha'is
Compiled by Jonah Winters.1998This chronology was compiled from a number of English-language histories of Babi andBahá'í history. Its purpose was to set in context the events of persecution and martyrdom, both to track chronological order and to show the broader historical or social context of each event. I prepared it as background work for my master's thesis
 Dying for God: Martyrdom in the Babi and Bahá'í Religions,
online at bahai-library.com/winters_dying_for_god.I also recommend two other resources for chronological study. The first is the exhaustivechronology of Babi and Bahá'í History by Glenn Cameron and Wendi Momen,
 A Basic Bahá'í Chronology
(Oxford: George Ronald, 1996). The second is Moojan Momen'sdetailed "A Chronology of some of the Persecutions of the Babis and Bahá'ís in Iran, 1844-1978," published in
The Bahá'í World 1979-1983,
vol. XII, pages 380-392. -J.W.
ey to Sources:
Amanat
 =
Abbas Amanat,
 Resurrection and Renewal 
 
The Bab
 =
H.M. Balyuzi,
The Bab
 
Bayat
 =
Mangol Bayat,
 Mysticism and Dissent 
 
Brown
 =
Ramona Brown,
 Memories of Abdu'l-Bahá
 
Browne
 =
E.G. Browne,
 Materials for the Study of The Babi Religion
 
Burgel
 =
Joseph Burgel, "The Bahá'í Attitude towards Peace and its Christian and IslamicBackground,"in
The Bahá'í Faith and Islam
 
EM
 =
Balyuzi,
 Eminent Bahá'ís in the Time of Bahá'u'lláh
 
Fischer 
 =
Michael Fischer, "Social Change and the Mirrors of Tradition: The Bahá'ís of Yazd,"in
The Bahá'í Faith and Islam
 
Furutan
 =
Ali-Akbar Furutan,
The Story of My Heart 
 
HMHA
 =
Hájí Mírzá Haydar-'Alí,
Stories From the Delight of Hearts
 
Huddleston
 =
John Huddleston,
The Earth is But One Country
 
King
 =
H.M. Balyuzi,
 Bahá'u'lláh: King of Glory
 
 
Ma'ani
 =
Baharieh Ma'ani, "Interdependence of Bahá'í Communities...,"
 J 
 BS 
4:1
 
Moayyad
 =
Heshmat Moayyad, "The Historical Interrelationship of Islam and the Bahá'í Faith,"in
The Bahá'í Faith and Islam
 
Momen
 =
Moojan Momen,
The Babi and Bahai Religions--Western Accounts
 
 Nabil
 =
 Nabil,
The Dawnbreakers
 
 Nash
 =
Geoffrey Nash,
 Iran's Secret Pogrom
 
Olya
 =
Olya Roohizedegan,
Olya's Story
 
Qazvin
 =
Qazvin's history in E.G. Browne's
 Materials for the Study of The Babi Religion
 
Rabbani
 =
Ruhiyyih Rabbani,
 Priceless Pearl 
 
Root
 =
Martha Root,
Tahirih the Pure
 
Salmani
 =
Ustad Salmani,
 My Memories of Bahá'u'lláh
 
SBBR 
 =
Studies in The Babi and Bahá'í Religions series vol. x
 
Schimmel
 =
Annemarie Schimmel, "Iqbal and the Bahá'í Faith,"in
The Bahá'í Faith and Islam
 
SE
 =
Shoghi Effendi,
God Passes By
 
Sears
 =
William Sears,
Cry from the Heart 
 Shii
 =
Moojan Momen,
 Introduction to Shi'i Islam
 
Smith
 =
Peter Smith,
The Babi and Bahá'í Religions
 
Stories
 =
Ali-Akbar Furutan,
Stories of Bahá'u'lláh
 
SWEGB
 =
E.G. Browne,
Selections from the Writings of E. G. Browne
 
Thrzdh
=
Adib Taherzadeh,
 Revelation of Bahá'u'lláh,
vol. x
 
Waite
 =
Gary Waite, "The Religious State...,"
 J 
 BS 
7:1
 
Walbridge
 =
John Walbridge,
Sacred Acts Sacred Space Sacred Time
 
WM
 =
Wendi Momen,
 A Basic Bahá'í Dictionary
 
Chronology:
 
D
ate
 
D
escription
 
Sources
 
1805-1813
 
Russo-Persian wars
 
Amanat 45
 
1829
 
Massacre of Russian legation
 
Amanat 27
 
1839/40
 
The Bab leaves for pilgrimage
 
Smith 13
 
1840
 
The Bab's stay in Bushihr, Najaf, and Kerbela
 
Bayat 88
 
1840/41
 
The Bab returns to Shiraz
 
Smith 14
 
1841
 
The Bab in Najaf and Karbila, after having been in Bushihr 
 
SBBR 15
 
1842.11
 
Massacre of Shaykhis at Karbala
 
Amanat 60, 68, 220, The Bab193 ff.
 
1843.12.31
 
Death of Siyyid Kazim Rashti
 
Momen xxviii
 
1844.01.22
 
Mulla Husayn arrives at Karbila. Then on to Najaf, thenBushihr, then Shiraz, where he met The Bab on 1844.5.22
 
1844.05.23
 
Declaration of The Bab
 
1844.06?
 
Mulla Husayn goes to Isfahan, then Kashan, then Qum, thenTehran, then Khurasan
 
1844.09
 
The Bab, Quddus, and a servant leave from Shiraz on hajj(Bayat says uncle--Bayat 91). Momen says 1844.11.12(Momen xxviii). They leave from Bushihr 1800.10
 
SBBR 23
 
1844.10(1845?)Arrest, trial, and death of Mulla Ali Bastami. Haji AbdulMajid beat Mulla Ali repeatedly. This was the first afflictionthat befell a disciple of The Bab after His declaration. Helater died, the first The Babi martyr. WMomen gives date asend of 1846. Amanat gives 1844.10, as does Huddleston. SE just says it was before 1845.02. Waite says it was 1845.06when The Bab heard the news and returned to Iran. Momen,xviii, gives 1845.01.13. Nabil 61-3, WMomen 15,Amanat 220-237, 254,Huddleston 147, Waite 83,The Bab 58-68
 
1844.12
 
The Bab arrives at Mecca
 
 Nabil ?, Bayat 91
 
1845
 
A joint fatwa condemning The Bab's writings as kufr isissued.
 
Shii 141
 
1845.02
 
The Bab arrives in Medina
 
Waite 83
 
1845.03.04
 
The Bab leaves Jidda, arrives Bushihr 1845.05.15
 
SBBR 23
 
1845.05.15
 
The Bab returns to Shiraz from pilgrimage
 
Momen xxviii
 

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