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sn1final

sn1final

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Final paper for my syntax 1 course at UCSC
Final paper for my syntax 1 course at UCSC

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Published by: Samuel Henry Sanders on Dec 06, 2010
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Sam SandersSyntax 1 Final12/6/2010Collaborated with: Lila Hunt, Zoe Lu, Dima Zadorozhny, Andrew PedeltyI. Intend: (1) *Tabs intend to be kept on John(2) *There intend to be fish in the tank (3) *John is intended to eat pancakes(4) *Tabs are intended to be kept on JohnSince we cannot have idiom chunks or dummy subjects in the upstairs subject positionwithout a passive with "intend," (1)-(2), intend must be a subject-subject raising verb. If it is not asubject-subject raising verb, and still has a missing subject in the downstairs clause, it must be asubject-subject control verb. Since you cannot passivise "intend," (3)-(4), it must not be a subject-object raising verb.Be going: (5) Tabs are going to be kept on John(6) There are going to be fish in the tank (7) *John is being going to eatSince we can have dummy subjects or idiom chunks in the upstairs subject positionwithout a passive with "be going," (5)-(6), we can tell that "be going" is a subject-subject raising verb.Since it is subject-subject raising, it cannot be subject-subject control. Since you cannot have a passivised "be going," (7), we can tell it is not subject-to-object raising.Be sure: (8) Tabs are sure to be kept on John(9) There is sure to be a fish in the tank (10) *Jack is being sure to keep tabs on JohnSince we can have dummy subjects or idiom chunks in the upstairs subject positionwithout a passive with "be sure," (8)-(9), we can tell that "be sure" is a subject-subject raising verb.Since it is a subject-subject raising verb, we can know it is not a subject-subject control verb. Since we
 
Sam SandersSyntax 1 Final12/6/2010Collaborated with: Lila Hunt, Zoe Lu, Dima Zadorozhny, Andrew Pedeltycannot have a grammatical sentence with a passive, (10), "be sure" cannot be subject-object raisingverb.Refuse: (11) *Tabs refused to be kept on John(12) *There refused to be fish in the tank (13) Tabs are refused to be kept on John(14) Fish are refused to be in the tank Since we cannot have an idiom chunk in upstairs specifier position without a passive,(11)-(12), we can tell that "refuse" is not a subject-subject raising verb. Since it is not a subject-subjectraising verb, we can tell that it must be a subject-control verb. Since we can see the idiom chunk in (13) being raised to upstairs specifier position, we can tell that "refuse" is a subject-to-object raising verb. Need: (15) Tabs need to be kept on John(16) There need to be fish in the tank (17) *Fish are needed to be kept on JohnSince we can have dummy subjects or idiom chunks in the upstairs subject position withouta passive with "need," (15)-(16), we can tell that "need" is a subject-subject raising verb. Since it is asubject-subject raising verb, we can know it is not a subject-subject control verb. Since we cannot havea grammatical sentence with a passive, (17), "need" cannot be subject-object raising verb.Assume: (18) *John assumes to be happy(19) Tabs are assumed to be kept on JohnSince we cannot have a an empty downstairs specifier position without a passive, (18),we can tell that "assume" is neither subject-subject control or subject-subject raising. Since we canhave an idiom chunk from the downstairs clause after a passive, (19), we can tell that "assume" is a
 
Sam SandersSyntax 1 Final12/6/2010Collaborated with: Lila Hunt, Zoe Lu, Dima Zadorozhny, Andrew Pedeltysubject-object raising verb.Find: (20) *John finds to be happy(21) Tabs are found to be kept on JohnSince we cannot have a an empty downstairs specifier position without a passive, (20),we can tell that "find" is neither subject-subject control or subject-subject raising. Since we can have anidiom chunk from the downstairs clause after a passive, (21), we can tell that "find" is a subject-objectraising verb.Advise: (22) *John advised tabs to be kept on Jack (23) John advised the students to do well(24) The students were advised to do well(25) *Fish were advised to be kept in the tank (26) *Tabs were advised to be kept on John(27) *Tabs advise to be kept on JohnWe can tell that idiom chunks can't be in the upstairs specifier position, even with a passive, (26)-(27), so we can tell that "advise," is not a subject-subject raising verb. Because it's noteven ok to have certain other things as the upstairs specifier after a passive or as the upstairsobject/downstairs specifier before a passive, (22)-(25), we can tell that there are restrictions aboutwhich things can be the specifier of the downstairs clause. When this is the case we can tell that theupstairs verb is an object-subject control verb. If we say that "advise" is an object-subject control verb,we don't currently have the tools to determine if it is a subject-subject control verb, as we have no wayof knowing whether the downstairs specifier of (23) was "the students" or "John" in the deep structure,so I will simply assume something cannot be both subject-subject and object-subject control for now.

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