The Book of Daniel - By Pastor Ronnie Wolfe
Daniel Chapter One
Da 1:1 ¶
In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakimking of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylonunto Jerusalem, and besieged it.
Jehoiakim was the son of Josiah andZebidah. At age 25, he was made king byPharoah Neco in place of his brotherJehoahaz, who was exiled to Egypt.Jehoiakim reigned for eleven years (608-598 BC) but his reignwas an evil one. During his reign, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon attacked Jerusalem. Jehoiakim surrendered and paidhim tribute for three years, but then rebelled. And the Lord sentbands of Chaldeans, Syrians, Moabites and Ammonites againstJudah in order to destroy the nation, just as the Lord had warnedthrough His prophets that He would, because of thedisobedience of the people at that time (2 Kings 24:1-2). WhenJehoiakim died, his son, Jehoiachin, became the new king. Thestory of Jehoaikim is found in 2 Kings 23:34-37, 2 Kings24:1-5, and 2 Chronicles 36:4-8. The name Jehoiakim means"God will arise."
Nebuchadnezzar -- in the Babylonian orthographyNabu-kudur-uzur, which means "Nebo, protect the crown!" orthe "frontiers."
Jerusalem surrendered to Nebuchadnezzar in 598 B.C.Jerusalem was destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar’s army in586 B.C.Da 1:2
And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judahinto his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to thehouse of his god; and he brought the vessels into thetreasure house of his god.
Nebuchadnezzar “carried (Jehoiakim) into Babylon,with a large portion of the population of the city, and thesacred vessels of the temple, placing Zedekiah on thethrone of Judah in his stead”
Shinar was the capitol of Babylon. See Isaiah 11:11;Zech. 5:11.Da 1:3
And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the masterof his eunuchs, that he should bring [certain] of thechildren of Israel, and of the king’s seed, and of theprinces;
Ashpenaz - the master of the eunuchs of Nebuchadnezzar (Dan. 1:3), the "Rabsaris" of the court.His position was similar to that of the Kislar-aga of themodern Turkish sultans.
Children in whom [was] no blemish, but wellfavoured, and skilful in all wisdom, and cunning inknowledge, and understanding science, and such as[had] ability in them to stand in the king’s palace, andwhom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans.
These “children in whom was no blemish” were a hardlot to find, let alone trying to find those who were skillfulin knowledge and understanding science. They must beable to teach in the language of the Chaldeans, thelanguage of Babylon.Da 1:5
And the king appointed them a daily provisionof the king’s meat, and of the wine which he drank: sonourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king.
In the king’s own pious reasoning, he appointed a dailyprovision for these chosen ones. He thought he knewbest as to what foods would make them proper to bepresented before the king.Da 1:6
Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah:
These four men are mentioned here by their Jewishnames. The name Daniel means “God is my Judge.” Thename Hananiah means “God is gracious to me.” Mishaelmeans “He who is God,” and is the same as the nameMichael. Azariah means “God is my help.”Notice that the name of God is in each name of thesemen. This was a reminder that these men depended upontheir God for strength and understanding.