International Rice Research Notes
Bhavapuri Sannalu, a new superfine rice varietyreleased for single-cropped wetlands of AndhraPradesh, India
B. Krishna Veni, N. Chamundeswari, K. Anny Mrudhula, Ch. Pulla Rao, and B.Vijaya Lakshmi, Rice Research Unit (RRU), Bapatla, Guntur District, AndhraPradesh, India
Andhra Pradesh is an important rice-growing state in India. With a rice area ofabout 4 million ha, it produces 13 million t of rice annually. About 80% of thetotal area under rice is planted to fine and superfine varieties. In recent years,popular variety Samba Mahsuri (BPT5204) has become susceptible to most pestsand diseases, particularly brown planthoppers (BPH) and blast (Bhanu et al 2007,Srinivasa Prasad et al 2009). As fine-grain varieties are preferred by farmers andconsumers, the RRU at Bapatla began developing a long-duration, fine-grainvariety that has resistance to biotic stresses. Samba Mahsuri was crossed withCRMR1523, a BPH-resistant genotype. The population was advanced throughthe pedigree method to produce BPT2270, which was consequently released asBhavapuri Sannalu by the State Variety Release Committee of Andhra Pradesh in2010. This nonlodging, semidwarf (110–120 cm) variety with 160–165-d duration,average yield potential of 6.0–6.5 t ha
, high tillering capacity, strong culms, andability to withstand submergence up to 1 wk has been recommended forcultivation in single-cropped wetlands of the state.Bhavapuri Sannalu has medium slender grains with excellent cookingquality (Table 1). Milling (71.6%) and head rice recovery (58.4%) are higher thanthose of Samba Mahsuri, and it fetches a higher price for farmers. Amylosecontent (24.3%) and alkali spreading value (5.0) (indicators of texture andfirmness of cooked rice, respectively) are within the intermediate range, qualitytraits that most consumers prefer. This variety had a 54.8% yield advantage onaverage over the check Samba Mahsuri in station trials conducted during the2002-04 kharif (Table 2). In multilocation trials, Bhavapuri Sannalu showed ayield superiority of 37.9% over Samba Mahsuri. In farmers’ fields, it recorded anincrease of 20.8% and 15.1% over the same variety in adaptive and minikit trials,respectively. Bhavapuri Sannalu showed moderate resistance to leaf blast andBPH and is expected to be popular in single-cropped wetlands of AndhraPradesh because of its superior grain type, high yield potential, and good grainquality.