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Bhavapuri Sannalu, a new superfine rice variety released for single-cropped wetlands of Andhra Pradesh, India

Bhavapuri Sannalu, a new superfine rice variety released for single-cropped wetlands of Andhra Pradesh, India

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Published by Grace Cañas
2011 GenRes_2010-024
2011 GenRes_2010-024

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Grace Cañas on Jan 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/04/2011

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Genetic resources
2011
 
International Rice Research Notes
(0117-4185)
 
1
Bhavapuri Sannalu, a new superfine rice varietyreleased for single-cropped wetlands of AndhraPradesh, India
 
B. Krishna Veni, N. Chamundeswari, K. Anny Mrudhula, Ch. Pulla Rao, and B.Vijaya Lakshmi, Rice Research Unit (RRU), Bapatla, Guntur District, AndhraPradesh, India
 
Andhra Pradesh is an important rice-growing state in India. With a rice area ofabout 4 million ha, it produces 13 million t of rice annually. About 80% of thetotal area under rice is planted to fine and superfine varieties. In recent years,popular variety Samba Mahsuri (BPT5204) has become susceptible to most pestsand diseases, particularly brown planthoppers (BPH) and blast (Bhanu et al 2007,Srinivasa Prasad et al 2009). As fine-grain varieties are preferred by farmers andconsumers, the RRU at Bapatla began developing a long-duration, fine-grainvariety that has resistance to biotic stresses. Samba Mahsuri was crossed withCRMR1523, a BPH-resistant genotype. The population was advanced throughthe pedigree method to produce BPT2270, which was consequently released asBhavapuri Sannalu by the State Variety Release Committee of Andhra Pradesh in2010. This nonlodging, semidwarf (110–120 cm) variety with 160–165-d duration,average yield potential of 6.0–6.5 t ha
–1
, high tillering capacity, strong culms, andability to withstand submergence up to 1 wk has been recommended forcultivation in single-cropped wetlands of the state.Bhavapuri Sannalu has medium slender grains with excellent cookingquality (Table 1). Milling (71.6%) and head rice recovery (58.4%) are higher thanthose of Samba Mahsuri, and it fetches a higher price for farmers. Amylosecontent (24.3%) and alkali spreading value (5.0) (indicators of texture andfirmness of cooked rice, respectively) are within the intermediate range, qualitytraits that most consumers prefer. This variety had a 54.8% yield advantage onaverage over the check Samba Mahsuri in station trials conducted during the2002-04 kharif (Table 2). In multilocation trials, Bhavapuri Sannalu showed ayield superiority of 37.9% over Samba Mahsuri. In farmers’ fields, it recorded anincrease of 20.8% and 15.1% over the same variety in adaptive and minikit trials,respectively. Bhavapuri Sannalu showed moderate resistance to leaf blast andBPH and is expected to be popular in single-cropped wetlands of AndhraPradesh because of its superior grain type, high yield potential, and good grainquality.
 
 
Genetic resources
2011
 
International Rice Research Notes
(0117-4185)
 
2
 
Table 1. Grain quality characteristics of Bhavapuri Sannalu in comparison withSamba Mahsuri.
Grain quality character Bhavapuri Sannalu Samba Mahsuri
Hulling (%) 81.9 80.6Milling (%) 71.6 70.4Head rice recovery (%) 58.4 56.2Kernel length (mm) 5.12 5.14Kernel breadth (mm) 1.73 1.85Length/breadth 2.95 2.77Grain type Medium slender Medium slenderGrain chalkiness Very occasionally present Very occasionally presentVolume expansion ratio 5.6 4.2Water uptake 205 240Kernel length after cooking (mm) 8.8 9.0Elongation ratio 1.71 1.87Alkali spreading value 5.0 4.0Amylose content (%) 24.3 24.5Gel consistency (mm) 43 42.0Aroma Absent Absent
Table 2. Yield performance of Bhavapuri Sannalu in different yield trials.
 
Grain yield (t ha
-1
)Years TrialBhavapuriSannaluSambaMahsuriIncrease overcheck (%)
2002-04 Station trials 6.2 4.0 54.82004 Multilocation trials (slender grain) 5.2 3.8 37.92005-08 On-farm trials in farmersfields 6.4 5.3 20.82005-08 Minikit trials in farmersfields 6.1 5.3 15.1
 
 
Genetic resources
2011
 
International Rice Research Notes
(0117-4185)
 
3
Field view of BPT 2270
 
Single plant of BPT 2270
BPT
 
2270
 

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