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Poison Clouds English

Poison Clouds English

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Coal mine impact on local community health and farms land.
Coal mine impact on local community health and farms land.

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Published by: Pa-Oh Youth Organization on Jan 19, 2011
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02/27/2012

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Lessons from Burma’s largest coal project at Tigyit
Poison
Poison
Clouds
Clouds
 
Published in 2011
Contact:
pyorg.net@gmail.com
Website:
www.pyo-org.blogspot.comAll photos are by PYO unless noted
About PYO
The Pa-Oh Youth Organization (PYO) was set up in 1998 striving for peace and justice inBurma through empowering youth.PYO published the report
 Robbing the Future
in June 2009 after two years of research atthe site of Burma’s largest iron mine and the Pangpet No. 5 Steel Mill in Shan State. PYOcontinues to monitor the situation and educate communities of the environmental andsocial impacts about this and other mining projects.
Kyoju Ac
on Network
The Kyoju Action Network (KAN) was set up in 2010 with the aim of strengtheningcommunities’ capacity to protect their natural resources. The meaning of “Kyoju” is“Green Fresh” in the Pa-Oh language.
Contact:
kyoju2010@gmail.com
 
Table of Contents
Introduc
on ....................................................................................................................... 5Summary ........................................................................................................................... 7Part I: Burma’s coal industry .............................................................................................. 8
Rich in resources, poor in energy ......................................................................................... 9Coal mines in Burma ............................................................................................................. 9
Table:
Major coal deposits in Burma .................................................................................... 10
Map:
Planned coal-
red power plants in Burma ................................................................. 12Coal-
red power plants in Burma ......................................................................................... 13Diagram: Stages of emissions in coal power plants.............................................................. 13Southeast Asia’s largest planned coal-
red power plant ..................................................... 13
Part II: The Tigyit Coal Project ............................................................................................ 14
Tigyit village and nearby area .............................................................................................. 17Balu Creek ............................................................................................................................ 17Inle Lake ............................................................................................................................... 18
Map:
Tigyit coal project and Inle Lake ................................................................................. 19Tigyit coal mining ................................................................................................................. 20
Map:
Tigyit coal mine and power plant project .................................................................. 23Investors ............................................................................................................................... 23Tigyit coal power plant ........................................................................................................ 24The energy situa
on of local people ................................................................................... 25Tigyit power sent to Pinpet iron factory .............................................................................. 25
Part III: Impacts to environment and communi
es ............................................................ 26
Forced reloca
on ................................................................................................................. 28Land con
sca
on ................................................................................................................. 32Electri
ed conveyor a menace to community .................................................................... 33A law but no rule of law ...................................................................................................... 34Threats to farming lands ..................................................................................................... 35Rise of jobless people .......................................................................................................... 35Air pollu
on threatening health .......................................................................................... 37What is
y ash? ............................................................................................................ 39Smoke from power plants causes acid rain ................................................................. 40Mae Moh: Lessons from Southeast Asia’s largest coal plant ....................................... 41Water pollu
on and water shortages ................................................................................. 42Noise pollu
on .................................................................................................................... 44Cultural destruc
on ............................................................................................................. 44
Conclusion and Recommenda
ons .................................................................................... 47Endnotes
....................................................................................................................................
48Appendices 
The popula
on within
ve miles of the coal mine and power plant .................................. 51Villagers forced to relocate in 2003 by Tigyit coal project .................................................. 52

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