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Mythology and Folklore

Mythology and Folklore

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Published by: jjlesterjj on Feb 14, 2011
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10/04/2012

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Mythology and Folklore
1
 
A
 
Abas
 
Gk.
 
a
 
son
 
of 
 
Metaneira;
 
was
 
changed
 
by
 
Demeter
 
into
 
a
 
lizard,
 
because
 
he
 
mocked
 
the
 
goddess;
 
The
 
twelfth
 
King
 
of 
 
Argos.
 
He
 
was
 
the
 
son
 
of 
 
Lynceus
 
and
 
Hypermnestra,
 
and
 
grandson
 
of 
 
Danaus.
 
Abeona
 
Rom.
 
protector
 
of 
 
children
 
leaving
 
the
 
home
 
Abhaswaras
 
In.
 
a
 
class
 
of 
 
deities;
 
sixty
four
 
in
 
number
 
of 
 
whose
 
nature
 
little
 
is
 
known
 
Abhidhana
 
In.
 
a
 
dictionary
 
or
 
vocabulary;
 
one
 
of 
 
the
 
oldest
 
of 
 
them
 
is
 
the
 
abhidhana
 
ratna
mala,
 
of 
 
halayudha
 
bhatta
 
(circa
 
7th
 
cent.),
 
and
 
one
 
of 
 
the
 
best
 
is
 
the
 
abhidhana
 
chinta
mani 
 
of 
 
hema
chandra.
 
Abhimani
 
In
.
 
the
 
eldest
 
son
 
of 
 
Brahma
 
by
 
his
 
wife
 
Swaha.
 
Abhimanyu
 
In.
 
son
 
of 
 
Arjuna
 
by
 
his
 
wife
 
Su
bhadra;
 
known
 
by
 
the
 
metronymic
 
Saubhadra
 
Abhira,
 
abhira
 
In.
 
a
 
cowherd;
 
according
 
to
 
Manu
 
the
 
offspring
 
of 
 
a
 
Brahman
 
by
 
a
 
woman
 
of 
 
the
 
ambashtha
 
or
 
medical
 
tribe.
 
Abhirama
mani
 
In.
 
a
 
drama
 
in
 
seven
 
acts
 
on
 
the
 
history
 
of 
 
Rama,
 
written
 
by
 
Sundara
 
Misra
 
in
 
1599
 
A.
 
D
 
Abtu
 
Eg.
 
the
 
Greeks
 
called
 
this
 
place
 
Abydos;
 
It
 
was
 
the
 
seat
 
of 
 
worship
 
of 
 
 
It
 
was
 
also
 
called
 
Busiris,
 
"the
 
house
 
of 
 
Osiris";
 
Egyptian
 
tradition
 
says
 
that
 
the
 
sun
 
ended
 
his
 
daily
 
 journey
 
at
 
Abydos,
 
and
 
entered
 
into
 
the
 
underworld
 
here,
 
through
 
a
 
gap
 
in
 
the
 
mountains
 
called
 
"peq";
 
In
 
the
 
12th
 
dynasty
 
it
 
was
 
believed
 
that
 
the
 
souls
 
of 
 
the
 
dead
 
entered
 
into
 
the
 
afterlife
 
here
 
Abudantia
 
Rom.
 
goddess
 
of 
 
luck,
 
abundance
 
and
 
prosperity;
 
she
 
distributed
 
food
 
and
 
money
 
from
 
a
 
cornucopia.
 
Abydus
 
Gk.
 
a
 
town
 
was
 
founded
 
in
 
the
 
seventh
 
century
 
BCE
 
as
 
a
 
colony
 
of 
 
Miletus,
 
with
 
permission
 
of 
 
a
 
Lydian
 
king,
 
either
 
Gyges
 
or
 
his
 
son
 
Ardys
 
Abyla
 
Gk.
 
a
 
mountain,
 
one
 
of 
 
the
 
Pillars
 
of 
 
Hercules
 
Acestes
 
Gk.
 
Trpkam
 
who
 
lives
 
in
 
Sicily,
 
who
 
entertained
 
Aenas
 
Acetes
 
Gk.
 
pilot
 
of 
 
the
 
ship
 
whose
 
sailors
 
captured
 
Dionysus.
 
He
 
alone
 
recognized
 
the
 
god.
 
Achaeans
 
Gk 
.
 
division
 
of 
 
the
 
Greek
 
people,
 
said
 
to
 
be
 
descended
 
from
 
Xuthus,
 
a
 
son
 
of 
 
Hellen
 
Achara
 
In.
 
rule,
 
custom,
 
or
 
usage;
 
the
 
rules
 
of 
 
practice
 
of 
 
castes,
 
orders,
 
or
 
religion
 
Acharya
 
In.
 
a
 
spiritual
 
teacher
 
or
 
guide;
 
a
 
title
 
of 
 
Drona,
 
the
 
teacher
 
of 
 
the
 
Pandavas.
 
Achates
 
Gk 
 
.
a
 
close
 
friend
 
of 
 
Aeneas,
 
accompanied
 
her
 
throughout
 
his
 
adventures
 
Acheron
 
Gk.
 
a
 
Thesprotia,
 
in
 
Epirus.
 
 
Mythology and Folklore
2
 
Achilles
 
Gk.
 
Achilles
 
was
 
the
 
son
 
of 
 
Peleus,
 
king
 
of 
 
the
 
Myrmidones
 
in
 
Phthiotis,
 
in
 
Thessaly,
 
and
 
of 
 
the
 
Nereid
 
Thetis.
 
Also
 
called
 
Aeacides
 
Triumphant
 
Achilles
 
Achyuta
 
In.
 
Unfallen;
 
a
 
name
 
of 
 
Vishnu
 
or
 
Krishna
 
Acis
 
Gk.
 
according
 
to
 
Ovid,
 
is
 
the
 
son
 
of 
 
Faunus
 
and
 
Symaethis.
 
He
 
was
 
beloved
 
by
 
the
 
nymph
 
Galatea,
 
and
 
Polyphemus
 
the
 
Cyclops,
 
 jealous
 
of 
 
him,
 
crushed
 
him
 
under
 
a
 
huge
 
rock.
 
Aclis
 
N.
 
Twin
 
gods
 
worshipped
 
by
 
the
 
Teutons,
 
said
 
to
 
be
 
the
 
sons
 
of 
 
the
 
Sky
 
God.
 
Acricius
 
Gk.
 
son
 
of 
 
Abas,
 
king
 
of 
 
Argos
 
and
 
of 
 
Ocaleia.
 
He
 
was
 
grandson
 
of 
 
Lynceus
 
and
 
great
 
grandson
 
of 
 
Danaus.
 
His
 
twin
brother
 
was
 
Proetus.
 
Acropolis
 
Gk.
 
the
 
Acropolis
 
was
 
the
 
citadel
 
of 
 
Athens.
 
According
 
to
 
one
 
version
 
of 
 
the
 
myth,
 
it
 
was
 
from
 
the
 
Acropolis
 
that
 
King
 
Aegeus
 
hurled
 
himself 
 
to
 
his
 
death
 
believing
 
that
 
his
 
son
 
Theseus
 
had
 
been
 
killed
 
by
 
the
 
Minotaur.
 
Actaeon
 
Gk.
 
son
 
of 
 
Aristaeus
 
and
 
Autonoë,
 
a
 
daughter
 
of 
 
Cadmus.
 
He
 
was
 
trained
 
in
 
the
 
art
 
of 
 
hunting
 
by
 
the
 
centaur
 
Cheiron,
 
and
 
was
 
afterwards
 
torn
 
to
 
pieces
 
by
 
his
 
own
 
50
 
hounds
 
on
 
mount
 
Cithaeron.
 
Adbiiuta
brahmana
 
In.
 
the
 
Brahmana
 
of 
 
miracles;
 
a
 
Brahmana
 
of 
 
the
 
samaveda,
 
which
 
treats
 
of 
 
auguries
 
and
 
marvels.
 
Adeona
 
Rom.
 
goddess
 
who
 
guides
 
children
 
back
 
home.
 
 
Mythology and Folklore
3
 
Adharma
 
In.
 
unrighteousness;
 
personified
 
as'
 
son
 
of 
 
Brahma
 
called
 
"the
 
destroyer
 
of 
 
all
 
beings."
 
Adhiratha
 
In.
 
a
 
charioteer.
 
The
 
foster
father
 
of 
 
Karna,
 
according
 
to
 
some
 
he
 
was
 
king
 
of 
 
Anga,
 
and
 
according
 
to
 
others
 
the
 
charioteer
 
of 
 
king
 
Dhritarashtra;
 
perhaps
 
he
 
was
 
both
 
Adhwaryu
 
In.
 
a
 
priest
 
whose
 
business
 
it
 
is
 
to
 
recite
 
the
 
prayers
 
of 
 
the
 
Yajurveda.
 
Adhyatma
 
Ramayana
 
In.
 
a
 
very
 
popular
 
work,
 
which
 
is
 
considered
 
to
 
be
 
a
 
part
 
of 
 
the
 
Brahmanda
 
Purana.
 
It
 
has
 
been
 
printed
 
in
 
India.
 
Adhyatman
 
In.
 
the
 
supreme
 
spirit;
 
the
 
soul
 
of 
 
the
 
universe.
 
Adi
purana
 
In.
 
the
 
fires
 
purina;
 
a
 
title
 
generally
 
conceded
 
to
 
the
 
Brahma
 
Purana
 
Aditi
 
In.
 
free,
 
unbounded
 
or
 
infinity;
 
the
 
boundless
 
heaven
 
as
 
compared
 
with
 
the
 
finite
 
earth
 
Aditya
 
In.
 
one
 
of 
 
the
 
names
 
of 
 
the
 
sun;
 
in
 
the
 
early
 
vedic
 
times
 
the
 
adityas
 
were
 
six,
 
or
 
more
 
frequently
 
seven,
 
celestial
 
deities,
 
of 
 
whom
 
Varuna
 
was
 
chief,
 
consequently
 
he
 
was
 
the
 
Aditya.
 
Aditya
 
purana
 
In.
 
one
 
of 
 
the
 
eighteen
 
upa
puranas
 
Admeta
 
Gk.
 
daughter
 
of 
 
Eurystheus;
 
for
 
whom
 
Hercules
 
got
 
thee
 
Amazon’s
 
girdle
 
Admetus
 
Gk.
 
son
 
of 
 
Pheres;
 
the
 
founder
 
and
 
king
 
of 
 
Pherae
 
in
 
Thessaly,
 
and
 
of 
 
Periclymene
 
or
 
Clymene.
 
He
 
took
 
part
 
in
 
the
 
Calydonian
 
chase
 
and
 
the
 
expedition
 
of 
 
the
 
Argonauts.
 
Adonis
 
Gk.
 
according
 
to
 
Apollodorus
 
a
 
son
 
of 
 
Cinyras
 
and
 
Metharme,
 
according
 
to
 
Hesiod
 
a
 
son
 
of 
 
Phoenix
 
and
 
Alphesiboea,
 
and
 
according
 
to
 
the
 
cyclic
 
poet
 
Panyasis
 
a
 
son
 
of 
 
Theias,
 
king
 
of 
 
Assyria,
 
who
 
begot
 
him
 
by
 
his
 
own
 
daughter
 
Smyrna.
 
Adrastea
 
Gk.
 
Cretan
 
nymph;
 
daughter
 
of 
 
Melisseus
 
to
 
whom
 
Rhea
 
entrusted
 
the
 
infant
 
Zeus
 
to
 
be
 
reared
 
in
 
the
 
Dictaean
 
grotto
 
Adrastus
 
Gk.
 
son
 
of 
 
Talaus,
 
king
 
of 
 
Argos
 
and
 
of 
 
Lysimache.
 
When
 
Polybus
 
died
 
without
 
heirs,
 
he
 
succeeded
 
him
 
on
 
the
 
throne
 
of 
 
Sicyon,
 
and
 
during
 
his
 
reign
 
he
 
is
 
said
 
to
 
have
 
instituted
 
the
 
Nemean
 
games.
 
Aeacus
 
Gk.
 
a
 
son
 
of 
 
Zeus
 
and
 
Aegina;
 
some
 
traditions
 
related
 
that
 
at
 
the
 
time
 
when
 
Aeacus
 
was
 
born,
 
Aegina
 
was
 
not
 
yet
 
inhabited,
 
and
 
that
 
Zeus
 
changed
 
the
 
ants
 
of 
 
the
 
island
 
into
 
men
 
over
 
whom
 
Aeacus
 
ruled,
 
or
 
that
 
he
 
made
 
men
 
grow
 
up
 
out
 
of 
 
the
 
earth.
 
Aeaea
 
Gk.
 
a
 
surname
 
of 
 
Medeia,
 
derived
 
from
 
Aea,
 
the
 
country
 
where
 
her
 
father
 
Aeëtes
 
ruled
 
Aeetes
 
Gk.
 
king
 
of 
 
Colchis
 
son
 
of 
 
the
 
sun
god
 
Helios
 
and
 
the
 
Oceanid
 
Perseis,
 
brother
 
of 
 
Circe
 
and
 
Pasiphae,
 
and
 
father
 
of 
 
Medea,
 
Chalciope
 
and
 
Apsyrtus.
 
Aegae
 
Gk.
 
place
 
in
 
Euboea
 
near
 
which
 
was
 
Poseidon’s
 
place
 
Aegaeon
 
Gk.
 
a
 
son
 
of 
 
Uranus
 
by
 
Gaea.
 
Aegaeon
 
and
 
his
 
brothers
 
Gyges
 
and
 
Cottus
 
are
 
known
 
under
 
the
 
name
 
of 
 
the
 
Uranids
 
,
 
and
 
are
 
described
 
as
 
huge
 
monsters
 
with
 
a
 
hundred
 
arms
 
and
 
fifty
 
heads.
 
Aegean
 
Sea
 
Gk.
 
an
 
arm
 
of 
 
the
 
Mediterranean
 
Sea
 
between
 
the
 
east
 
coast
 
of 
 
Greece
 
and
 
the
 
west
 
coast
 
of 
 
Asia
 
Minor
 
and
 
bounded
 
on
 
the
 
south
 
by
 
the
 
island
 
of 
 
Crete.
 

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