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NASA Facts STS-103

NASA Facts STS-103

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Apr 13, 2011
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04/15/2011

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KSC FORM 2-203NS (REV. 11/92)
National Aeronautics andSpace Administration
John F. Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center, Florida 32899AC 407 867-2468
November 1999KSC Release No. 134-99
The crew of Space Shuttle Discovery will tune-up the Hubble Space Telescope on a mission thatwill close out an impressive century of space flightand ensure that Hubble’s revolutionary discoveriescan continue into the new millennium.Space Shuttle flight STS-103, the third HubbleSpace Telescope servicing mission, is designed toupgrade the 9-year-old observatory and replace wornparts. Four spacewalks are planned during the flight.This servicing mission originally was scheduled forJune 2000, but after the third of Hubble’s sixgyroscopes failed, it was split into two separatemissions. Discovery will fly the first, scheduled forDec. 2, 1999, with the second to follow in 2001.The gyroscopes, which are part of Hubble’spointing system, measure attitude when Hubble ischanging its pointing from one target to another, andthey help control the telescope’s pointing whileobserving targets. Three working gyroscopes areneeded to meet the telescope’s precise pointingrequirements.During the mission, all six of Hubble’s gyroscopeswill be replaced. In addition, the crew will replaceother equipment, including a guidance sensor andthe spacecraft’s main computer. The new computer,which is 20 times faster with six times more memorythan Hubble’s original computer, will reduce flightsoftware maintenance and significantly lower costs.In addition, a voltage/temperature kit will beinstalled to protect spacecraft batteries fromovercharging and overheating when the spacecraftgoes into safe mode. A new transmitter will replacea failed spare currently aboard the spacecraft, and aspare solid state recorder will be installed to allowefficient handling of high-volume data. Telescopeinsulation that has degraded will be replaced. Theinsulation is necessary to control the internaltemperature on the Hubble.Because of periodic servicing missions plannedthroughout Hubble’s 20-year mission lifespan, theobservatory has and will continue to benefit fromtechnological advances. The Hubble SpaceTelescope is the first observatory designed forextensive maintenance and refurbishment in orbit.Features such as handrails and foot restraints arebuilt into the telescope to help astronauts performservicing tasks in the Shuttle cargo bay as they orbitEarth at 17,500 mph.The mission will be led by Commander Curtis L.Brown Jr. (Lt. Col., U.S. Air Force). Scott J. Kelly (Lt.Cmdr., U.S. Navy) will serve as Pilot and Steven L.Smith as Payload Commander. Mission Specialistsare C. Michael Foale, Ph.D., John M. Grunsfeld,Ph.D., Claude Nicollier (Capt., Swiss Air Force) ofthe European Space Agency and Jean-FrancoisClervoy, European Space Agency.To prepare for their mission, the seven-memberDiscovery crew members trained extensively. Training
STS-103/Discovery
Ensuring the Hubble Space Telescope’s Health for the Future

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