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Ralph Ellis Articles Collection

Ralph Ellis Articles Collection

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Published by Edu Beta
Outstanding new discoveries relating the Israelites' origins to the Hyksos dynasties of Egypt.
Outstanding new discoveries relating the Israelites' origins to the Hyksos dynasties of Egypt.

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Published by: Edu Beta on Aug 31, 2008
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01/13/2013

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Ralph Ellis is an airline captain with a distinctly lateral, open-minded view on historyand religion.He has written five books so far, which purport to explain every last facet of man'shistory. Under this new concept, the pyramids of Egypt become the central cathedralcomplex of the early Israelites, who were, in fact, the Hyksos Shepherd Kings of Lower Egypt.
The tombs of King David, King Solomonand the Queen of Sheba discovered.
by Ralph Ellis
 This new article is an introduction to my latest book,
Solomon, Falcon of Sheba.
Solomon, Falcon of Sheba
One of the primary problems for Judaeo-Christian theologians is the disturbing realitythat both King David and King Solomon, the most celebrated kings of Judaic history,cannot be found in the historical record. So how can this be so? How could a wealthyand influential empire suddenly disappear from the archaeological record? The physicalevidence, or rather the lack of it, has long been deeply troubling.But, having at last discovered solid evidence that showed the true location for the tombsand sarcophagi of King Solomon and King David, I did wonder how these preciousartifacts had not been identified previously. It was only on visiting this location that thereasons became more clear. While I had already ascertained that these two historicsarcophagi had lain, misidentified, in a museum for more than sixty years, I was still not prepared for what I actually discovered - at the back of a small, unexceptional room, themagnificent solid silver coffins of two of the most celebrated monarchs in ancienthistory lay in total darkness!This investigation had begun several years ago with the publication of my first book Jesus, Last of the Pharaohs, in which I traced the history of the early biblical patriarchsand showed them to have been the Hyksos pharaohs of Egypt. If the truth were known,the biblical Exodus of 'lowly' shepherds out of Egypt was actually the historical exodusof the Hyksos Shepherd Kings out of Egypt. This book was followed swiftly by a sequelcalled Tempest & Exodus, which showed clear evidence that the biblical Exodus had been inscribed upon an ancient Egyptian stele of Ahmose I.But what of the later and more famous Judaic monarchs from the United Monarchy of Israel? What of King David and King Solomon? While these monarchs wereundoubtedly missing from the archaeological record of Judaea, could they too have hadan Egyptian ancestry and heritage? This suggestion might initially seem to be highlyunlikely, as it is obvious that nothing in the biblical history of the United Monarchy can be directly compared to the chronologically equivalent pharaohs within the 21st and22nd dynasties of Egypt. But perhaps the real problem here, is that this accepted axiomis so obvious that nobody has actually tried comparing these two dynasties, and upon
 
making an initial comparison I was surprised to find a great number of similarities between the 'separate' 10th century BC monarchies of Israel and Egypt. For instance,the following table lists the known pharaohs of the twenty-first dynasty and comparesthese names with the equivalent biblical ancestors of King David:
Biblical Leaders
 
Historical Pharaohs
 Ezron (Hezron)RamessesRamRamessesAmminadabAmen-Nesbanebdjed (Smendes) NahshonNemneshu (Amenemnishu)SalmonSiamunBoazBas-UasorkonObedAmenemopetJesseHarsieseDavidPsusennes IISome of the entries in the above list can be seen to be direct equivalents of each other,while some of the other names look less convincing. For the latter entries, perhaps someextra explanations are required, and these are listed below. The top line in each caserepresents the biblical pronunciation (B), while the lower line is the historical equivalent(H):
B
Ez--ron, 
H
Esses--ram(Ramesses X),
B
Ram,
H
Ram--esses (Ramesses XI), 
B
Ammin--nad-dab,
H
Amen--Nes-ba-neb-djed, 
B
...Nah--shon,
H
Amenem-Ne-shu, 
B
S--almon,
H
Si--amun,
B
B--Oaz, 
H
Bas--Uas--orkon,
B
...Obed, 
H
Amenem--Opet,
B
Je--sse, 
H
Har--siese,
 
 
B
David,
H
Psusennes.This list clearly demonstrates that there are some equivalent names in both the historicalchronology of Egypt and the biblical chronology of the United Monarchy - indeed thetwo royal lines appear to mimic each other remarkably well. But there is a problem withthis suggestion, because the pharaonic king-list ends up with a pharaoh calledPsusennes, whereas the biblical chronology results in King David. On the surface, therewould appear to be no comparison to be made between these two monarchs whatsoever.The method of making progress in this research is not simply to compare names, but tolook at these characters' attributes as well. There are two main claims to fame for KingDavid: phrases and imagery that have come down to us through the centuries and themillennia, and which are probably as familiar to us now as they were nearly threethousand years ago during the reign of this famous king - the '˜Star of David' and the'City of David'. Having highlighted these two, unique terms, the primary goal of thisinvestigation would seem to be self-explanatory: if a member of the Egyptian royalfamily can be found who is strongly associated with both a star and a city, we may well be a long way down the road to resolving the identity of the historical King David.As it happens, there was an Egyptian pharaoh of the twenty-first dynasty whose name inthe hieroglyphic spelling encompassed both the star and the city glyphs, and hewas called Pa-seba-kha-en-nuit.Fig. 1 Cartouche of Pasebakhaen-nuit (Psusennes or David).The initial similarity between these two monarchs is, therefore, quite striking, and so the possibility exists that these monarchs may have been either related to each other or,more provocatively, the same individual. Having discovered this synchronism, it waseven more interesting to find that the common Greek name for this particular pharaohwas Psusennes - the very same pharaoh who appears in the Egyptian king-list next tothe biblical King David. It would appear that these two monarchs not only had similar attributes, but they also reigned at exactly the same time, according to the standardchronology.However, if these two kings now appear to have once had rather similar attributes, their names still seem to be remarkably different. If these two monarchs are to be comparedin some manner, then how did the biblical scribes manage to confuse a complicatedEgyptian name like Pa-seba-kha-en-nuit (Psusennes) with the Judaic name, David? Thesimple answer to this, is that the name David is a greatly shortened nickname, basedupon the star glyph.The common pronunciation for this glyph is seba , as can be seen from the name Pa-seba-kha-en-nuit. However, seba is not the only word in Egyptian that can be used to

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