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29088256 the Dark Age of Greece by Immanuel Velikovsky

29088256 the Dark Age of Greece by Immanuel Velikovsky

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Published by: Gina Lenna on Jun 02, 2011
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Immanuel Velikovsky
A Technical Note
I have been asked by the compliers of the Velikovsky archive to briefly explain the present condition of Velikovsky’s unpublished manuscript entitled
The Dark Age of Greece.
Velikovsky worked on the manuscript of 
The Dark Age of Greece
fairlyintensively during the last years of his life, drawing in part on the library research of Edwin Schorr, a graduate student at the University of Cincinnati, whom he employedfor this pupose in Princeton for several summers in a row in the mid-seventies.Readers of Pensée know Schorr under his
nom de plume
Israel M. Isaacson, which heused to protect himself from the wrath of his professors at Cincinnati. At the time thatI began to work for Velikovsky in 1976, the manuscript was still “work in progress.”While Velikovsky was writing and rewriting the main text, my task was to annotatethe material, drawing in part on the voluminous notes and photocopies of articles prepared by Schorr and partly on my own research. In addition, Velikovsky and I co-authored certain sections; others, written solely by me, were to have been included ina supplement to the book. Subsequent to 1980, pursuant to Elisheva Velikovsky’swishes, I moved some of these contributions from the main text into footnotes andremoved the rest from the manuscript altogether. Several of them were published in
VIII.2 in 1983. Another planned supplement to
The Dark Age of Greece
wasto have been Edwin Schorr’s work on Mycenae,
This detailed study on the archeology of Mycenae was commissioned by Velikovskyand written specifically for this purpose. Although incomplete, it is an impressivework of scholarship that deserves publication.
 Jan Sammer 
In this edition Jan Sammer’s annotations are distinguished from Velikovsky’s text by being placed in square brackets and displayed in red letters. All such annotationsshould be understood as being by Jan Sammer, unless marked with the initials EMS,in which case they are by Edwin Schorr. In conformity with reliable information wehave received with respect to Velikovsky’s plan for the book, we have includedSchorr’s and Sammer’s work as a supplement to
The Dark Age of Greece
The Editors
The task of my few words is to ask prominent scholars to reconsider their opinionsabout the dark age of Greece in the light of Velikovsky’s present book. My personaldifficulty is mainly caused by the fact that a short preface cannot be a scholarlytreatise and therefore it is impossible to ask here all the questions which arise whenVelikovsky’s theory is applied to our special problem. And as I am not anarchaeologist, but a Greek scholar, I am not able to control how far Velikovsky isright in questions of stratigraphy. Here I depend on his quotations of archaeologicalreports and it is not possible for me to decide how far his selection of passages fromthese reports is subjective. My difficulty is that now I have to accept the view that the period of Geometric style overlaps, at least partially, the Mycenaean and Minoan period. This is new for me, but I admit that it is not impossible that two differentartistic approaches can exist at the same time.But the most important problem in connection with the present book is how far thistheory is dictated by the whole of Velikovsky’s chronological system and how far hisresults in the present study are valid independently from it. Velikovsky puts the “truetime of the events recounted in the Iliad in the second half of the eighth century andthe beginning of the seventh. . . . The time in which the drama of the Iliad was set was-687; yet the poet condensed the events of more than one year into the tenth year of the Trojan siege, the time of the Iliad’s action.” Velikovsky came to this date becausehe identified the description of the battle between the gods in the Iliad with a cosmiccatastrophe. His date for the conquest of Troy is unusually late. As Homer had to liveafter the events he describes, the space of the time between Homer and the classicalGreek literature seems to me personally to be too short. But the main question is aboutthe interrelation between Velikovsky’s chronological system and the single historicalfacts. Or in other words: does this system solve the concrete difficulties in our approach to ancient history? The present book tries to solve such a serious problem,namely, does the so-called dark age of Greece really exist? Is the supposed span between Mycenae and classical Greece too long? Are we not in this case victim of afalse Egyptian chronology, which was invented by Egyptian patriots in order to showthat the Greeks were in comparison with the Egyptians mere children? Was thehistory of Egypt in reality much shorter than it is supposed today? If this could beshown, then the problem of the dark age of Greece would disappear. Only open-minded specialists can reject or accept Velikovsky’s solutions. One thing is clear: thenew book treats a real problem. It was not its author who created it. The wholecomplex of questions was re-opened by the decipherment of the Linear B script, whenit was definitely shown that the Mycenaeans were Greeks, speaking a language whichwas an older stage of the linguistic substrate of the Iliad and Odyssey. It is a merit of the new book that it offers an original solution for a real problem. Will there be asufficient number of good specialists who are prepared to wrestle with the proposedsolution?
 Prof. David Flusser Hebrew University

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