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Water Efficiency Q&A

Water Efficiency Q&A

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Published by seminoleUSGBC
WATER EFFICIENCY 1. Q Define: Chemical Treatment A The use of biocidal, conditioning, dispersant, and scale-inhibiting chemicals in cooling towers to control biological growth, scale and corrosion. A constant that takes into account a plant’s species and density as well as an area’s microclimate and is used to calculate the evapotranspiration rate. Water that is not fit for drinking. Native or Adapted plants Plant species, irrigation efficiency, captured rainwater, reused graywater, water convey
WATER EFFICIENCY 1. Q Define: Chemical Treatment A The use of biocidal, conditioning, dispersant, and scale-inhibiting chemicals in cooling towers to control biological growth, scale and corrosion. A constant that takes into account a plant’s species and density as well as an area’s microclimate and is used to calculate the evapotranspiration rate. Water that is not fit for drinking. Native or Adapted plants Plant species, irrigation efficiency, captured rainwater, reused graywater, water convey

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Published by: seminoleUSGBC on Jun 14, 2011
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06/07/2012

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WATER EFFICIENCYQAReference1.Define: Chemical TreatmentThe use of biocidal, conditioning,dispersant, and scale-inhibiting chemicalsin cooling towers to control biologicalgrowth, scale and corrosion.2.Define: LandscapeCoefficientA constant that takes into account a plant’sspecies and density as well as an area’smicroclimate and is used to calculate theevapotranspiration rate.3.Define: Nonpotable WaterWater that is not fit for drinking.4.What types of plants canhelp reduce irrigationrequirements?Native or Adapted plants5.What strategies can be usedto reduce the amount of potable water used for irrigation?Plant species, irrigation efficiency, capturedrainwater, reused graywater, water conveyed by a municipality for non-potableuses.6.What is the current baselinewater usage of a commercialor residential toilet?1.6 gallons per flush (gpf)7.Define: Aquatic SystemsWastewater treatment systems that usebiological organisms such as bacteria,plants, and fish to naturally treat the water.8.Define: Water MeterA device that measures the amount owater used within a building.9.Define: Density FactorPart of the landscape coefficientcalculation. It modifies theevapotranspiration rate of a plant or groupof plants to account for the density of theplant material.10.Define: ConventionalIrrigationThe most common irrigation system used ina particular region. Conventional irrigationtypically consists of pressurized systemswith above ground spray heads.11.What plumbing fixturesshould be included whencalculating water usereduction?Toilets, urinals, bathroom sink faucets,showerheads, kitchen sink faucets, pre-rinse spray valves.12.Define: Conductivity Meter oEC Meter A device used for measuring the amount of salt and nutrients in water.13.Define: Bleed-off oBlowdownThe release of some of the recirculatingwater in a cooling tower to removedissolved solids that could cause mineralbuild-up in the system.
 
14.Define: Conventional TurfGrass that is typical to a specific region.Typical turf generally requires watering,mowing, and fertilization.15.Define: Biological ControlInhibiting bacterial growth in cooling towersthrough chemical or physical water treatment processes.16.Define: Dual-flush ToiletA toilet that has two flush settings withdifferent volumes of water; one volume for solid waste and a second, lower, volumefor liquid waste.17.What is the differencebetween conventionalirrigation and drip irrigation?Conventional irrigation usually consists of above-ground sprayer heads that deliver large volumes of water. Drip irrigationsystems deliver a small amount of water underground, directly to a plants roots.Drip irrigation systems use much less water and are much more efficient thanconventional irrigation systems.18.Define: BlackwaterWastewater from toilets and urinals. Somecodes may also consider wastewater fromkitchen sinks, showers, and bathtubs to beblackwater.19.Define: WastewaterUsed water that contains any industrial ohuman waste products.20.Define: Process WaterWater used in building processes ooperations such as the water used for cooling towers and boilers or the water used for dish washing and clothes washing.21. Define: EvapotranspirationLoss of water from vegetated areas throughevaporation and transpiration.22.Define: LegionellaPneumophilaWaterborn bacteria that grows in still water,including within domestic water features,and causes Legionnaire’s Disease.Outbreaks of the disease have beenespecially linked to cooling towers andevaporative condensers.23.Define: GraywaterHousehold wastewater that does notcontain organic contaminants such ashuman waste or food waste. Typically, thewastewater from lavatories and possiblyfrom kitchen sinks, showers, bathtubs, andwashing machines, although acceptablesources vary according to local codes.24.Define: Adapted PlantsNon-invasive plants that are not native toan area but grow well in the area with littlemaintenance.
 
25.Define: Baseline IrrigationWater UseThe amount of water used by aconventional spray irrigation system in aspecific region.26.Define: Metering ControlsA device for limiting the amount of timewater will flow from a plumbing fixture suchas a faucet or shower head.27.Define: Composting ToiletSystemsA dry or almost waterless toilet fixture thatuses microbiological (anaerobic bacteria)processes to treat human waste.28.Define: Micro-IrrigationIrrigation systems that deliver very smallvolumes of water either below grade or justabove grade.29.What is the current baselinewater usage of ashowerhead?2.5 gallons per minute (gpm)30.What is potable water?Water that is suitable for humanconsumption. Typically potable water issupplied by municipal water systems or acquired from private wells.31.Define: Tertiary TreatmentThe highest level of water treatment.32.Define: Native PlantNon-invasive plant species that hasadapted to an area over a certain timeperiod. In the U.S. the term “native plant”typically refers to a species that wasgrowing in this country at the time of European settlement. Also known asindigenous plants.33.Define: Dry UrinalA urinal that uses a trap of buoyant fluidthat blocks sewer gas and odors instead of using water or a flushing process.34.Define: On-site WastewateTreatmentThe treatment of wastewater on thebuilding’s site as opposed to sending thewaste water through a sanitary sewer to amunicipal treatment plant. Septic tanks areone example of an on-site treatmentmethod.35.Define: Reclaimed WaterWastewater that has been captured andtreated for reuse.36.Define: Drip IrrigationSystemAn irrigation system that delivers smallamounts of water a low pressure directly tothe roots of plants. Considered to be ahighly-efficient form of micro-irrigation.37.What is the current baselinewater usage of a commercialurinal?1.0 gallons per flush (gpf)38.Define: Automatic Fixture Motion sensors that automatically operate

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