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Herbicide Tolerance and GM Crops

Herbicide Tolerance and GM Crops

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Published by Uğur Özkan
This report examines the environmental and health implications of the widespread and intensive
use of the herbicide glyphosate in association with GM (Roundup Ready) crops.
This report examines the environmental and health implications of the widespread and intensive
use of the herbicide glyphosate in association with GM (Roundup Ready) crops.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Uğur Özkan on Jul 14, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/07/2011

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Herbicide toleranceand GM crops
Why the world should beReady to Round Up glyphosate
EXECUTIVESUMMARY & REPORT
June 2011
 
Herbicide tolerance and GM crops
Why the world should beReady to Round Up glyphosate
 
2 
GM Freeze and Greenpeace
| GRL-TN 03/2011 |
June 2011
Herbicide tolerance and GM crops
 This report examines the environmental and health implications of the widespread and intensiveuse of the herbicide glyphosate in association with GM (Roundup Ready) crops
.
Executive Summary 41) Introduction 9
1.1 Glyphosate: how does it work? 91.2 GM crops: a perfect match for Roundup 101.3 Other uses of glyphosate 101.4 Summary 10
2) Glyphosate impacts on human health 13
2.1 Chronic effects 132.2 Acute effects 162.3 Summary 16
3) Glyphosate residues in food 19
Summary 20
4) Glyphosate in water 23
Conclusion 24
5) Glyphosate impacts on biodiversity 26
5.1 Direct toxic effects 265.2 Does glyphosate affect the nervous system? 275.3 Impacts on non-target plants 285.4 Summary 28
6) Glyphosate impacts on the soil-plant system 29
6.1 Availability of glyphosate in the soil 296.2 Activity and abundance of soil microbes 296.3 Reduced nutrient uptake by plants 306.4 Increased vulnerability to plant diseases 306.5 Case studies of glyphosate impacts on soil-plant system 326.6 Summary 32
7) Weed resistance and glyphosate - the failure of GM Roundup Ready technology 33
7.1 A false dawn 337.2 Monsanto’s Reaction to reports of resistant weeds 347.3 False solutions create more problems 367.4 Conclusion 36
8) Conclusions 38References 39
Contents
Canada, 2007: Greenpeaceactivists created a 60metre-wide question mark in a cropfield containingMonsanto’s geneticallyengineered corn.
 
GM Freeze and Greenpeace
| GRL-TN 03/2011 |
June 2011
3
For more information contact:
enquiries@greenpeace.orgenquiry@gmfreeze.org Authors
Pete Riley
, GM Freeze
Dr. Janet Cotter 
, GreenpeaceResearch Laboratories, University of Exeter, UK 
Marco Contiero
, GreenpeaceEuropean Unit
Dr Meriel Watts
, Pesticides ActionNetwork Asia Pacific (Chapter 2)
Edited by 
Becky Price
 
Myrto Pispini
, Greenpeace International
Designed by 
 Atomo DesignJN 363Greenpeace Research laboratories Technical Note 03/2011GRL-TN 03/2011
Published by Greenpeace International
Ottho Heldringstraat 51066 AZ Amsterdam The Netherlands
greenpeace.orgGreenpeace Research Laboratories
Innovation Centre 2, Rennes DriveUniversity of Exeter,UK EX4 4RN
GM Freeze
Registered Ofce
 
50 South Yorkshire BuildingsSilkstone Common, BarnsleyUK S75 4RJ
gmfreeze.org
 ©  G C  /  MI   C  S  J I   S 

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