A class of organic compounds containing oxygen (as a hydroxyl), of which ethyl alcohol (the alcohol of potable spirits and wines) is the best known. They can react with acids to form esters. They are largely usedas solvents.
Plants of the group comprising practically all seaweed’s and allied freshwater or nonaquatic forms, such aspond scum’s, stoneworts, etc.
Hydrocarbons in which the carbon atoms are arranged in open chains, which may be branched. The termincludes paraffins and olefins and provides a distinction from aromatics and naphthenes which have at leastsome of their carbon atoms arranged in closed rings.
In chemistry, any substance having marked basic properties. In its restricted and common sense, the term isapplied only to hydroxides of ammonium, lithium, potassium, and sodium. They are soluble in water, theyhave the power of neutralising acids and forming salts with them and of turning red litmus blue. In a moregeneral sense, the term is also applied to the hydroxides of the so-called alkaline earth metals - barium,calcium, and strontium.
A test to determine the presence or absence of free alkali in finished oils after chemical purification.
Having the properties of an alkali; opposite to acidic.
The amount of free alkali in any substance.
A reaction in which a straight-chain or branched-chain hydrocarbons group, which is called an alkyl group or radical, is united with either an aromatic molecule or a branched-chain hydrocarbon. Used for detergent or petroleum manufacture. Usually catalysed by Hydrofluoric or Sulphuric acid.
A substance composed of two or more metals, or of a metal and a nonmetal, intimately united, usually bybeing fused together and dissolved in each other when molten.
AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE
An association incorporated in the United States, having as its object the study of the arts and sciencesconnected with the petroleum industry in all its branches and the fostering of foreign and domestic trade inAmerican petroleum products.
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING MATERIALS