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58205-mt----advanced chemical engineering plant design

58205-mt----advanced chemical engineering plant design

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Published by SRINIVASA RAO GANTA

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 19, 2008
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Code No: 58205/MT
M.Tech. \u2013 II Semester Regular Examinations, September, 2008
ADVANCED CHEMICAL ENGINEERING PLANT DESIGN
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3hours
Max. Marks:60
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
- - -
1. a) Explain the following in the design of heat exchanger.
i)
Heat exchanger tube arrangement.
ii)
Shell and Baffles.
b) Compare with neat diagrams.
i)
Fixed \u2013 head 1, 2 heat exchanger.
ii)
Pull through \u2013 head 1, 2 heat exchanger.
iii)
Floating head 1, 2 heat exchanger.

2. It is desired to concentrate 23,000 kg/hr of a chemical solution at 380C and 10 percent solids to a product which contains 50 percent solids. Steam is available at 82.74\u00d7 103 Pa, and the last effect of a triple effect evaporator with equal heat transfer surfaces in each effect will be assumed to operate at a vacuum of a 66 cm Hg referred to a 76 cm barometer. Water is available at 29.440C for use in Barometric Condenser.

Assume a negligible BPE, an average specific heat of 1.0 in all effects, the condensate from each effect leaves at its saturation temperature and that there are negligible radiation losses. Calculate

a) Steam consumption
b) Heating surface required for each body
c) Condenser water requirement.

The overall coefficients of heat transfer for the different effects will

be
U1 = 3413 w/m2 0C
U2 = 1422 w/m20C
U3 = 711 w/m20C

3. a) Explain the classification of vaporizing exchangers.
b) Discuss heat flux and temperature difference limitations.
Contd\u20262

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