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Table Of Contents

Why learn AWK?
Basic Structure
Executing an AWK script
Which shell to use with AWK?
Dynamic Variables
The Essential Syntax of AWK
Arithmetic Expressions
Unary arithmetic operators
The Autoincrement and Autodecrement
Operators
Assignment Operators
Conditional expressions
Regular Expressions
And/Or/Not
Commands
AWK Built-in Variables
FS - The Input Field Separator Variable
Variable
NF - The Number of Fields Variable
NR - The Number of Records Variable
RS - The Record Separator Variable
ORS - The Record Separator Variable
FILENAME - The Current Filename
Variable"
Associative Arrays
Multi-dimensional Arrays
Example of using AWK's Associative
Arrays
Output of the script
Picture Perfect PRINTF Output
PRINTF - formatting output
Escape Sequences
Format Specifiers
Width - specifying minimum field size
Left Justification
The Field Precision Value
Explicit File output
AWK Numerical Functions
Trigonometric Functions
Exponents, logs and square roots
Truncating Integers
"Random Numbers
The Lotto script
String Functions
The Length function
The Index Function
The Substr function
GAWK's Tolower and Toupper function
The Split function
NAWK's string functions
The Match function
The System function
The Getline function
The systime function
The Strftime function
User Defined Functions
AWK patterns
Formatting AWK programs
Environment Variables
ARGC - Number or arguments
(NAWK/GAWK)
ARGV - Array of arguments
ARGIND - Argument Index (GAWK
only)
FNR (NAWK/GAWK)
OFMT (NAWK/GAWK)
RSTART, RLENGTH and match
SUBSEP - Multi-dimensional array
separator (NAWK/GAWK)
ENVIRON - environment variables
(GAWK only)
IGNORECASE (GAWK only)
CONVFMT - conversion format (GAWK
ERRNO - system errors (GAWK only)
FIELDWIDTHS - fixed width fields
AWK, NAWK, GAWK, or PERL
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Published by: sachin on Aug 29, 2011
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