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How to Do Chemistry Labs Using Micro-Chemistry Techniques and Recycling

How to Do Chemistry Labs Using Micro-Chemistry Techniques and Recycling

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Published by Paul Schumann
Advantages of Microscaling:
Preparation and cleanup: Teachers, especially those in a self -contained situation, have great demands upon their time, and the time spent in setting up and cleaning up a lab activity can be a reason to avoid science activities. Microscale techniques are more time efficient, therefore the bulk of their time can be spent in an instructional setting.


Waste disposal: The generation and proper disposal of waste is an overwhelming task facing many teachers. They often do not have the background and knowledge to comply with the many regulations set by the federal, state, and local governments. Since very small amounts of chemicals are used and waste products are minimal, many of the substances used can be safely disposed down the drain.


Cost: The science budgets in many schools are quite small and getting smaller every year. Simply reducing the amount of material used in each lab can significantly decrease the cost of doing a lab activity. This does not mean you do not need some basic equipment. I strongly advise that you use electronic balances, digital thermometers and some good glassware in small sizes when it is needed. The electronic balances save valuable time. The students can share. Also the electronic balances and digital thermometers give you greater accuracy. You need this because you are using much smaller amounts. Also, you do need chemicals. You simply use them in smaller amounts.


Availability: The equipment that is used on larger scale laboratory experiments is often not available to middle school teachers. Very often when the lab is scaled down to a micro sized activity, more common materials can be used.


Safety: There are many lab activities that are very interesting to teachers, but since they utilize bulk quantities of hazardous materials, they are simply not appropriate. Since much smaller amounts are used when microscaling, the risk of spills and the hazards are reduced Even in microscaling, proper safety rules and procedures should be followed. Chemicals are still being used. Remember goggles and aprons
Advantages of Microscaling:
Preparation and cleanup: Teachers, especially those in a self -contained situation, have great demands upon their time, and the time spent in setting up and cleaning up a lab activity can be a reason to avoid science activities. Microscale techniques are more time efficient, therefore the bulk of their time can be spent in an instructional setting.


Waste disposal: The generation and proper disposal of waste is an overwhelming task facing many teachers. They often do not have the background and knowledge to comply with the many regulations set by the federal, state, and local governments. Since very small amounts of chemicals are used and waste products are minimal, many of the substances used can be safely disposed down the drain.


Cost: The science budgets in many schools are quite small and getting smaller every year. Simply reducing the amount of material used in each lab can significantly decrease the cost of doing a lab activity. This does not mean you do not need some basic equipment. I strongly advise that you use electronic balances, digital thermometers and some good glassware in small sizes when it is needed. The electronic balances save valuable time. The students can share. Also the electronic balances and digital thermometers give you greater accuracy. You need this because you are using much smaller amounts. Also, you do need chemicals. You simply use them in smaller amounts.


Availability: The equipment that is used on larger scale laboratory experiments is often not available to middle school teachers. Very often when the lab is scaled down to a micro sized activity, more common materials can be used.


Safety: There are many lab activities that are very interesting to teachers, but since they utilize bulk quantities of hazardous materials, they are simply not appropriate. Since much smaller amounts are used when microscaling, the risk of spills and the hazards are reduced Even in microscaling, proper safety rules and procedures should be followed. Chemicals are still being used. Remember goggles and aprons

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Paul Schumann on Aug 30, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/28/2014

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 Barbara J. Schumann
How to Do Chemistry LabsHow to Do Chemistry LabsUsing MicroUsing Micro--ChemistryChemistryTechniques andTechniques andRecyclingRecycling 
Barbara J. Schumann
http://www.scribd.com/doc/63579750
 
2Barbara J. Schumann
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License—Attribution. You maycopy, distribute, display, and use this copyrighted work — and derivativeworks based upon it — but only if you give credit to:Chemical Education ConsultantBarbara J. Schumann1405 Thaddeus CoveAustin, Texas 78746-6321512-327-5449Fax: 512-327-6207E-mail: bjschumann2010@gmail.comThis document is taken in part from
The Dynamic Duo Share Ideas on How to Teach Chemistry 
byEva Lou Apel&Barbara Schumannhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/32860373
 
3Barbara J. Schumann
Foreword
Eva Lou and Barbara taught together at Westlake High School in Austin from 1982 –1993. They team taught chemistry. They developed many labs and teaching ideas. Theygave many workshops together. They continue to give workshops together.Many of the labs included were written by Barbara Schumann and Eva Lou Apel.
Barbara J. Schumann
BS chemistry – University of Texas at Austin. Graduate Work – University of New York atNew Paltz, University of California at Berkeley, and the University of Michigan at Ann Ar-bor. Barbara taught algebra, physical science and chemistry for 20 years in the Houston,Austin and Eanes Public School Systems and in Wappingers Falls Central School Districtin New York. She substituted for 12 years in New York.She attended many NSF summer institutes including the Woodrow Wilson Institute atPrinceton in 1989, the ICE Institute at Berkeley, the ICE Institute at the University of Michi-gan at Ann Arbor, Frontiers in Science at Tufts University, and was trained in TeachingScience with Toys at the University of Ohio at Miami of Ohio. She was trained by theAmerican Chemical Society in Operation Chemistry at the University of Wisconsin andPurdue University. She was a member of the Central Texas Operation Chemistry teamfor several years.She was selected by the Central Texas Region of the American Chemical Society as theChemistry Teacher of the year in Travis County in 1989, nominated for the PresidentialAward in Teaching in 1989, selected at the Chemistry Teacher of the year in the state of Texas by the Associated Chemistry Teachers of the State of Texas in 1997 and receivedthe Spirit of Education Award at Westlake High School in 1998. She was awarded anhonorary membership in the Associated Chemistry Teachers of the State of Texas. Shehas served for several years as the historian of that organization.From 1998 to 2009 she worked as an independent representative for George Seidel andAssociates representing Flinn Scientific. She has presented over 100 workshops.
Eva Lou Barbara

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