International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment Infrastructures in Developing CountriesENSET Oran(Algeria) -October 12-14, 2009
Advances in concreting methods, H.S. Abdelgader,M. F. Najjar
2.1 Properties of coarse aggregate
The choice of stone aggregate is of great importance with respect to the two-stage concrete method;the aggregate that is used in (TSC) should bewashed, free of surface dust and fines. The void contentof the aggregate should be as low as possible and is usually attained when the coarse aggregate isgraded uniformly from the smallest allowable particle size to the largest size [ACI 304R-05, 2005].Itis typically 40mm or larger; if aggregates smaller than 20 mm are used then the injected grout tends to bridge the interstices, thereby impeding grout flow. The mechanics the two-stage concrete dependedon mechanical properties of coarse aggregate, because of the point-to-point contact of the stoneaggregate, the stresses are properties of The characteristic mechanical properties of transferred first tothe stone aggregate and then, after deformations of grains, to the hardened grout.
2.2 Properties ofgrout
The grout that is used in (TSC) normally consists of ordinary Portland cement and well graded sand.The flow of the grout around the aggregate is essential, therefore some admixtures are normallyrecommended to improve the flow of the grout, improve penetrability, and control the potential for both shrinkage and bleeding.
2.3 Propagation of mixture in coarse aggregate
The problem of flow and curve of mixture propagation in coarse aggregate is a special importanteconomic question. Mathematically the description of propagation is very difficult. The shape of thecurve (Fig2) depends on many factors such as: mixture density, intensity of mixing, hydraulic pressure, shape and size of grains and pores………..etc.
Y ( m )
: Propgation Curve of mixture in stoneGeneral empirical equation of propagation curve has been derived , and described in Eq.(1) asfollows:
t x y
= thickness of stone layer (m).
= parameter dependent of mixture fluidity.
= parameter dependent of stone : shape, size, kind of grain, surface , number and relationof fraction.
= Environment of construction.
=parameter dependent of efficiency of flushing pipe(m
=parameter dependent of perforation.
= parameter dependent on the kind of excavation bottom.
= time (min.)