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Blood Disorders Week 4

Blood Disorders Week 4

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Published by Rachel Resseguie

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Published by: Rachel Resseguie on Sep 15, 2011
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BLOOD DISORDERS1Blood DisordersRachel LoweUniversity of Phoenix - AxiaAugust 30, 2011
 
BLOOD DISORDERS2Blood DisordersThousands of people suffer from blood disorders all over the world. These blooddisorders can be life threatening if not caught within a timely manner. Some blood disorders areconnected to each other, with few differences. For example, the blood disorder anemia is not alife threatening disease however sickle cell anemia can be life threatening if not caught andmaintained. Three different patients are suffering from different blood disorders that can belinked because they are all blood disorders that deal with anemia.In the first case a 4 year old girl named Lilly goes to the doctor with a list of symptoms,these include fatigue, being very pale, and her mother claims that she is a picky eater. With justthese simple symptoms the girl could be suffering from a number of illnesses. When the mother informs the doctor that the girl eats mainly pasta, bread, hotdogs, and fruit punch this narrowsdown the relative possibilities. A simple blood test shows that the girl is anemic. This meansthat Lilly has a lowered red blood cell count. This can happen in a couple of different ways, aloss or destruction of blood cells, or a lack or iron in the blood. “Iron difeciant anemia is one of the most common forms of anemia”(MedNet,2011). This type of anemia can be prevented by ahealthy balanced diet. The child could take iron vitamins, or eat meals in higher iron. Thiswould mean eating more red meats, or even beans.In the second case a 5 year old male is having blood work done to see if he has inheriteda distructive gene that causes sickle cell anemia. Even though this disease is inherited, it cancause harm to the patient if both the mother and the father pass the destructive gene to the child.This is called a autosomal recessive inheritance. “This form of anemia is when there is notenough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body” (MayoClinic,2011). Anormal healthy blood cell is a rounded disc shaped cell, in a cell that is infected with sickle cell
 
BLOOD DISORDERS3the blood cell is shaped like a sickle or a creasent moon. When this happens the sickle cells become sticky and don’t flow properly through the veins, they tend to get stuck which in turnslows down blood flow throughout the body. This makes the body suffer from lack of oxygen.With this disorder there is no way to prevent it from affecting children. It is all based on geneticsand which genes the parents pass to their children. However with this patient the mother knewthat she carried the trait so she was having her child checked. There are other symptoms to look for as well such as, anemia, episodes of intense pain, hand-foot disorder (which is when the handand feet swell due to poor circulation) frequent infections, delayed growth, and vision problems.The third patient is a male that is suffering from Thrombocytopenia, this means that the patient is suffering from a low platelet count in the blood. This can happen for a number of reasons, however the main reason is when the patient is suffering from a separate disorder. Also platelets can either be destructing faster than normal or not producing as quickly as they should be. Symptoms of this disorder would be if the patient were to cough and blood leaks into theskin appearing as a rash. This in fact is not a rash but a symptom called petechial, this ususallyoccurs on the lower legs. Another symptom is prolonged bleeding from cuts and scratches,spontaneous nose bleeds, bleeding from the gums, or excessive bleeding during surgery or after having dental work done. This disorder can kill the patient if it is not detected quickly andmaintained. When a patient suffers from this disorder, they lose the ability to clot, which meansif they were to be cut deep enough they could potentially bleed to death.These patients are alike in the fact that they all suffer from blood disorders, each of thesedisorders are different however most of their sysmptoms are alike. Each of thse patientsdisorders need to be caught quickly to ensure that a healthy life can be lead. In the final twocases if the disorder is not caught quickly death can and will occur. When working with a

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