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Report on the Archaeological Collections at the Kingston Public Library, Kingston, Massachusetts

Report on the Archaeological Collections at the Kingston Public Library, Kingston, Massachusetts

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Published by Craig Chartier
The Kingston Public Library houses two important archaeological collections. One, the Cram Collection, was collected by an avocational archaeologist and represents a diverse assemblage of material from the Jones River area in Kingston. The other, the Allerton/ Cushman Collections, was collected by the late Dr. James Deetz during his precedent setting dig at the first identified earthenfast home site in New England in 1972.
The Kingston Public Library houses two important archaeological collections. One, the Cram Collection, was collected by an avocational archaeologist and represents a diverse assemblage of material from the Jones River area in Kingston. The other, the Allerton/ Cushman Collections, was collected by the late Dr. James Deetz during his precedent setting dig at the first identified earthenfast home site in New England in 1972.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Craig Chartier on Sep 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/16/2014

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Analysis of the ArchaeologicalCollections of theKingston Public LibraryLocal History Room: Cram and AllertonSite Collections
Prepared for the
Kingston Public Library
Prepared by
Plymouth Archaeological Rediscovery Project
Craig S. Chartierplymoutharch.com
 
I. Introduction...............................................................................................................2A. The John Cram Collection.................................................................7B. Allerton Site.......................................................................................9II.Collection Analysis: Background Context.................................................................12A. New England Pre-Contact Period......................................................12B. History of Kingston 1620-1900..........................................................8C. Kingston Archaeological Sites...........................................................39D. Material Types....................................................................................42III. Collection Analysis: Cram Collection.......................................................................48A. Reduction Debitage............................................................................48B. Bifaces................................................................................................50C. Drills...................................................................................................51D. Unifaces.............................................................................................51E. Projectile Points.................................................................................52F Other Stone Tools .............................................................................54G. Steatite ...............................................................................................55H.Pottery................................................................................................56I.Bone...................................................................................................56J.Shell...................................................................................................64K. Worked Bone......................................................................................65L.Natural/ Modern/ Historic Materials..................................................65IV.Collection Analysis: Allerton Site Collection............................................................68A.Bricks.................................................................................................68B.Native Material..................................................................................69C.Shell...................................................................................................69D.Metal..................................................................................................69E.Coal....................................................................................................71F. Glass...................................................................................................71G.Clay Pipes..........................................................................................72H.Ceramics............................................................................................73I.Flint....................................................................................................74V.Artifact Analysis and Comparison.............................................................................75VI.Conclusion.................................................................................................................80REFERENCES CITED..........................................................................................................83Appendix ACram Collection...............................................................................................................100Appendix BAllerton Collection...........................................................................................................121
ii
 
List of Tables
Table1. Components identified (Total sites, unknown excluded)..........................................38Table 2. Kingston sites
 
on file at the MHC............................................................................38Table 3. Reduction debitage from the Cram Collection........................................................46Table 4. Reduction debitage separated by debitage type.......................................................47Table 5. Cortex bearing debitage present in the Cram Collection.........................................48Table 6. Biface raw materials................................................................................................49Table 7. Projectile points in Cram Collection........................................................................50Table 8. Raw materials of projectile points from the Cram Collection.................................51Table 9. Faunal remains from the Cram Collection...............................................................55Table 10. Deer elements present ...........................................................................................61Table 11. Shellfish from the Cram Collection.......................................................................62Table 12. Material Comparison..............................................................................................74Table 13. Raw material usage comparison by period
 
between Cram andMattapoisett collections.....................................................................74Table 14. Comparison of components on file at MHC with components fromCram Collection.................................................................................76iii

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