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Food Insecurity Households with Children: 2009

Food Insecurity Households with Children: 2009

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Published by Patricia Dillon

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Published by: Patricia Dillon on Oct 07, 2011
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United StatesDepartment ofAgriculture
EconomicResearchServiceEconomicInformationBulletinNumber 56September 2009
Mark Nord
Prevalence, Severity, and HouseholdCharacteristics
Food Insecurity inHouseholds with Children
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Recommended citation format for this publication:
Nord, Mark.
Food Insecurity in Households with Children: Prevalence,Severity, and Household Characteristics 
. EIB-56. U.S. Dept. ofAgriculture, Econ. Res. Serv. September 2009Nord, MarkFood insecurity in households with children : prevalence, severity,and household characteristics. (Economic information bulletin; no. 56)1. Food relief--United States. 2. Poor children--Nutrition--UnitedStates.3. Low-income parents--United States.4. Food supply--United States--Statistics.I. United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Economic Research Service.II. Title.HV696.F6
United StatesDepartmentof Agriculture
A Report from the Economic Research Service 
Mark Nord
Food Insecurity inHouseholds with Children
Prevalence, Severity, and HouseholdCharacteristics
EconomicInformationBulletinNumber 56September 2009
Eighty-four percent of U.S. households with children were food secure throughout 2007,meaning that they had consistent access to adequate food for active, healthy lives for allhousehold members. Nearly 16 percent of households with children were food insecuresometime during the year, including 8.3 percent in which children were food insecure and 0.8percent in which one or more children experienced very low food security—the most severefood-insecure condition measured by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Numerous studiessuggest that children in food-insecure households have higher risks of health and developmentproblems than children in otherwise similar food-secure households. This study found thatabout 85 percent of households with food-insecure children had a working adult, including70 percent with a full-time worker. Fewer than half of households with food-insecure chil-dren included an adult educated past high school. Thus, job opportunities and wage rates forless educated workers are important factors affecting the food security of children. In 2007,Federal food and nutrition assistance programs provided benefits to four out of five low-income, food-insecure households with children.
Food Security, food insecurity, hunger, children, SNAP, Supplemental NutritionAssistance Program, WIC, National School Lunch Program
About the Author
Mark Nord is a sociologist in the Food Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S.Department of Agriculture.
The author thanks Katherine Alaimo of Michigan State University; Minh Wendt of theEconomic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture; and an anonymous reviewer fortheir helpful comments on the report.

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