Experiment 1.1Observation in chemistry
1.The alcohol burns with a pale blue flame having a yellow tip. The alcohol soon dries and the burning also stops. There is no blackening of/no soot left on the watch glass.2.b.The potassium dichromate solution changes from orange to dark green.3.b.A blue precipitate is formed.d.The precipitate dissolves to form a deep blue solution.4.There is no visible change, but the test tube becomes warm.5.c.The white solid dissolves to form a colourless solution. The test tube becomes cool.6.d.There is no visible change, but an irritating smell of ammonia can be detected.7.c.The clear solution gradually turns cloudy white and then cloudy yellow. A choking smellcan be detected.8.c.There is effervescence — small colourless gas bubbles are evolved from the magnesiumsurface, with a hissing sound. The ribbon gradually dissolves to form a colourlesssolution, a steamy fume being evolved at the same time. The test tube becomes hot.d.There is a flash of yellow flame and a ‘pop’ sound is heard. The mouth of the tube becomes misty.
Guidelines about observation in chemistry
2, 3, 71, 4, 8; 53(a) & (b), 71, 8(d)1, 6, 7, 8(a) & (b)8
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