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Aerothermal Flow Path Analysis and Design of a Hyper Sonic Propulsion Unit - Thesis 2002

Aerothermal Flow Path Analysis and Design of a Hyper Sonic Propulsion Unit - Thesis 2002

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In the present work, preliminary level work has been done to cover the ground for the design of a dual-mode ramjet scramjet power plant for hypersonic vehicles. Various issues in the design of such power plants have been presented. Brayton cycle suited to the mission requirements have been constructed and analyzed. An analytical approach to aid the initial design of the dual-mode ramjet-scramjet power plant for a hypersonic vehicle has been laid down.
In the present work, preliminary level work has been done to cover the ground for the design of a dual-mode ramjet scramjet power plant for hypersonic vehicles. Various issues in the design of such power plants have been presented. Brayton cycle suited to the mission requirements have been constructed and analyzed. An analytical approach to aid the initial design of the dual-mode ramjet-scramjet power plant for a hypersonic vehicle has been laid down.

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Published by: api-3784429 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Aerothermal Flow Path Analysis and Design of a
Hypersonic Propulsion Unit

A dissertation submitted for
Master of Technology
(under the dual-degree program)

by
Amit Batra
97D01002
under guidance of
Prof. Bhaskar Roy
Department of Aerospace Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
June-2002
CONTENTS

Abstract.................................................................................................................................. 4 Nomenclature......................................................................................................................... 5 1. Preamble............................................................................................................................ 7

1.1 Objectives and scope of the project.......................................................................... 7
1.2 Approach..................................................................................................................... 8
2. Introduction: hypersonic airbreathing propulsion........................................................ 11

2.1 Ramjet....................................................................................................................... 12 2.2 Scramjet..................................................................................................................... 13 2.3 Fixed geometry dual mode ramjet-scramjet.......................................................... 13 2.4 State of the art........................................................................................................... 14

3. Issues in hypersonic airbreathing propulsion................................................................ 17

3.1 Combustor design..................................................................................................... 17 3.2 Fuel/Cooling.............................................................................................................. 18 3.3 Injection/Mixing....................................................................................................... 18 3.4 Shockwave - boundary layer Interaction............................................................... 19 3.5 Optimum inlet diffusion........................................................................................... 20 3.6 Struts.......................................................................................................................... 21 3.7 Variable geometry vs. fixed geometry.................................................................... 21 3.8 Ground testing.......................................................................................................... 21 3.9 Performance enhancement...................................................................................... 23 3.10 Flight speed............................................................................................................. 23

4. Theoretical background.................................................................................................. 24

4.1 Generalized one-dimensional flow.......................................................................... 24 4.2 Combustion pressure loss........................................................................................ 27 4.3 Shock reflection and intersection phenomena....................................................... 28

5. One-dimensional design methodology............................................................................ 30

5.1 Preliminary design methodology............................................................................. 30 5.2 One-dimensional analysis of combustor gas flow path......................................... 31 5.3 Numerical implementation...................................................................................... 33

2
6. Analysis............................................................................................................................ 35

6.1 Available information.............................................................................................. 35 6.2 Data verification....................................................................................................... 37 6.3 Cycle analysis............................................................................................................ 38 6.4 Component analysis: inlet........................................................................................ 40 6.5 Component analysis: isolator.................................................................................. 43 6.6 Component analysis: combustor............................................................................. 44 6.7 Component analysis: Nozzle.................................................................................... 49 6.8 Preliminary layout.................................................................................................... 49

7. Parametric performance analysis................................................................................... 51 Closure................................................................................................................................. 59 References............................................................................................................................ 61 Acknowledgements.............................................................................................................. 64

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