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Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose



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Published by: api-3805005 on Oct 18, 2008
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Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
"Patriot of Patriots", is what Gandhiji described of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the most influential and charismatic leader of pre-Independence India .His life was full of mystery and adventure and indeed his death has been a major issueand creates controversy from time to time.Here we will try to look at some of the events of his life and salute this great man, whosecontribution to the Indian freedom movement is immense.
Childhood & Early life of Netaji
 Netaji Subhash Chandra was born on January 23rd 1897 in Cuttack (in present day Orissa) as the ninth child among fourteen, of JanakinathBose and Prabhavati devi.Rai Bahadur Jankinath Bose was a public lawyer by profession. He wasa public prosecutor in Cuttak and later became a member of the BengalLegislative Council.The family of Subhash Chandra Bose was a large one consisting of eight brothers and sixsisters.At school, he was always serious, reserved and did not take much interest in sports. Thesadhus and pilgrims visiting Puri, the famous shrine near his place, fascinated him.He was an intelligent kid and stood second in the School examination and took admissionin Presidency college, Calcutta.An interesting episode came in this college in 1916. Here he beat an English professor  because of his racist attitude towards Indians. As a result he was expelled from thecollege.But his father refused to admit him to another college. Over the course of time he gotreadmitted in the same University in philosophy.He passed with flying colours and achieved first class Honours in philosophy.Recognising his son's intellect, his father was determined that Bose should become a highranking Indian Civil Servicet (ICS). So he sent him to England for further studies.In 1920, Bose passed the Civil Service open examination and stood fourth overall withthe highest marks in English.But by this time the Jalianwala Baug massacre had taken place which had disturbed himgreatly. Even though he passed the ICS, he was not interested in serving the Britishers.At this time Gandhiji had established himself as a leader of the masses. Like many othersBose was also influenced by Gandhiji. So he went to Gandhiji and offered himself towork for the Indian National Congress. Gandhiji was not able to turn down this humblerequest and sent him to Calcutta to work under Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das.
During the period 1921-25 he was mainly involved in the activities around Calcutta andwas arrested on numerous occasions.In Dec 1921, Bose organised a boycott of the celebrations to mark the Prince of Wales'svisit to India. This led to his being imprisoned.Later he was again imprisoned along with Deshbandhu and the two lived together in jail,where Bose served his leader humbly, even cooking his food. From this time Boseconsidered Deshbandhu as his Guru.
Childhood & Early life of Netaji
When Deshbandhu became the Mayor of Calcutta, Bose became its Chief Executive.While holding this office Bose freely mixed with revolutionaries, which made theGovernment arrest him and deport him to jail. He was first sent to Alipore jail and thenshifted to the Mandalay Jail in Burma.During this period Bose had ample time to think for his future coarse of action and hedecided on the path of open revolution.In June 1925, Bose was deeply struck by the sudden loss of his leader Deshbandhu.In end-1926, he was nominated as a candidate for the Bengal Legislative Assembly.On May 16, 1927 he was released from jail due to ill-health. The two years in Mandalaygave him lot of confidence and strength.By December 1927, Bose with Jawaharlal Nehru became the General Secretary of theCongress.In 1928 he formed the Volunteer organization in the Calcutta summit of Indian Congressand was elected as the General Officer in Command.In 1928 during the Congress meeting the main agenda that was presented was to get aDominion status for India. This was prepared by Motilal Nehru. But this was rejected bythe youth leaders.Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru wanted complete freedom for India at the earliest, whereasthe Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through a Dominion status. To avoid any problems, Gandhiji suggested to give the British government a time period of one year togive a dominion status to India, failing which he himself would present a bill of completefreedom. This was accepted by everybody.Gandhiji tried very hard to get the dominion status for India but failed miserably. So atthe next meeting the Bill of complete freedom (Purna Swaraj) was passed.

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Probal Bhattacharyya added this note
pls read "India's biggest cover up" by Anuj dhar .also there is a march being organised at calcutta on 23rd jan demanding of the central govt "DECLASSIFICATION" of secret files on Netaji
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