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LED

LED

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Published by: api-27149887 on Oct 19, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Introduction: -
LEDs are made from transparent semi-conductors for example:
(i)
GaAlAs.
(ii)
GaN.
(iii)
GaP.
(iv)
InP.
(v)
AlGalnP.
BASIC PRINCIPLE OF EMISSION OF LIGHT BY THE LEDs

Recombination of electrons and holes is a process by which both carriers
annihilate each other: electrons occupy - through one or multiple steps - the
empty state associated with a hole. Both carriers eventually disappear in the
process. The energy difference between the initial and final state of the electron
is released in the process. This leads to one possible classification of the
recombination processes. The phenomenon of emission of photons by the
recombination process is called \u201cphotoluminescence\u201d. In an LED, the
recombination of free electrons and holes at the p-n junction billions of them are
involved, thus, billions of photons are emitted giving rise to light.

SEMICONDUCTORS USED FOR THE LEDs

We use GaN (Gallium Nitride) for producing green-blue lights or shades in these
two transparent colors, by changing the composition material of Gallium and
Nitrate, where as(AlGaInP) is used to produce colors from yellow to red and
shades in this range by changing the composition of various elements.. We
cannot use Silicon or Germanium for producing LEDs, as they are opaque. An
LED is also like a common P-N junction diode and it is always used in forward
biased.

SYMBOL: -
1
Registration Numbers of LED\u2019s manufactured by Texas
Instruments
All Begin with \u2018TIL\u2019
RED LED`s
(i)
\u2018TIL 216\u2019
(ii)
\u2018TIL 221\u2019
Multiple LED`s\u2026..
Six on a Panel
TIL 360.
Eight on a Panel TIL 393.
WAVELENGTH of red colour is =640nm.
GREEN LED`s
(i) \u2018TIL222\u2019
For diffused Light
(ii) \u2018TIL234\u2019
For Scattered Light.
(iii) \u2018TIL236\u2019
For Focussed Light.
WAVELENGTH of green colour is =560nm
YELLOW LED`s
(i) \u2018TIL224\u2019
For Scattered Light.
(ii) \u2018TIL227\u2019
For Focused Light.
WAVELENGTH of green colour is =570nm
2

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