ANATOMY OF THE HEAD AND NECK AND EMBRYOLOGY
The dura mater lines the inner aspect of the skull cap and the cranialcavity. It protects the brain from shock and friction with the hard skull.The dura is composed of 2 layers:
The 2 layers are closely adherent to each other. They are separatedto form the venous dural sinuses.
Dural venous sinuses are:-Valveless veins-Receive venous blood from the orbit, brain and adjacent bones- Present between the two layers of the dura
The inner layer of the dura forms 4 folds inside the cranial cavity.
The folds of dura mater are:
1. Falx cerebri
A sickle-shaped fold, lies between the 2 cerebral hemispheres.
Anterior: crista galli.Posterior: upper surface of tentorium cerebelli.Superior: to the lips of the sagittal sulcus on the inner aspect of theskull cap.
Venous sinuses related to it:
Superior sagittal sinus in its upper attached border.
Inferior sagittal sinus in its free concave lower border.
Straight sinus in the attachment of the falx cerebri with thetentorium cerebelli.