The monomer building blocks of Nucleic Acidsare Nucleotides.
All have a D-stereoisomeric configuration.
Each nucleotide consists of:
a phosphate (PO
attached to the 5’ Carbon = 5’ nucleotide.
attached to the 3’ Carbon = 3’ nucleotide.
a 5-member, sugar ring;
attached to the 1’ Carbon.
There are two major classes of Nucleotides,
classed based upon the sugar:
by the group,Xattached to the 2’ Carbon.
contains a ribose sugar (X= OH).
contains a 2’-deoxyribose sugar (X= H).