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Effects of Incineration Variables on the Quality of Silica From Rice Husk

Effects of Incineration Variables on the Quality of Silica From Rice Husk

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Thesis Proposal Presented to Prof. Lourdes Filoteo Chemistry Department, College of Science and Mathematics Western Mindanao State University Normal Road, Zamboanga City

Prepared by: Janine Bernadette A. Pontanar BS Chemistry III
Thesis Proposal Presented to Prof. Lourdes Filoteo Chemistry Department, College of Science and Mathematics Western Mindanao State University Normal Road, Zamboanga City

Prepared by: Janine Bernadette A. Pontanar BS Chemistry III

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Janine Bernadette Albino Pontanar on Dec 01, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/18/2012

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EFFECTS OF INCINERATION VARIABLES ON THE QUALITYOF SILICA FROM RICE HUSK
Thesis ProposalPresented to Prof. Lourdes FiloteoChemistry Department, College of Science and MathematicsWestern Mindanao State UniversityNormal Road, Zamboanga CityPrepared by:Janine Bernadette A. PontanarBS Chemistry III
 
1Chapter 1
Introduction1.1
Background of the Study
 
The rice husks or rice hulls (RH) are the hard coat of grains of rice.(1) Rice husks are by-products of the milling industry and are rich in cellulose (28-36 %), crude fiber (34.5-45.9 %)and ash (13.2
 – 
21.0 %). (2) The variety of the rice affects the constituents of the rice husks.This agro-industrial waste (rice husk) is abundant in Zamboanga Sibugay. Such huge amountsare utilized inappropriately and the common exercise is to burn them. Burning rice husks causespollution hazards to the surrounding population. (3) These ashes are also disposed as landfillwhich causes environmental problems. In the last decade, numbers of possible uses for ricehusks ash are being investigated and their applications have little value beyond the removal of the waste.Rice husk ash is the product of the carbonization of the rice husk. It is composed of 80-90% silica depending on some factors such as type of the soil growing the rice, the fertilizingpractices and as well as the environment (4). Rice husk ash has been used in cementmanufacturing (5). The ash has also been used as an antiskidding agent and in rubbercompounding (6), an insulating material (7; 8; 2; 6) and soil conditioning agent (7; 8; 9). Inrecent years, rice husk ash has also been used as an adsorbent for wastewater components (7; 10;11; 12; 13) and for oil components like free fatty acids, lutein, phospholipids and carotene (14).The silica in rice husk ash has only been explored by few research groups. The highcontent of silica in rice husk ash has been studied as an alternative approach to the high costsynthesis of silica. Silica from rice husk ash is also of low cost but has high purity. On thesecond account, silica from rice husk ash is very abundant and for this reasons, it provides agood motivation to conduct further research into the feasibility of this approach.
 
2
1.2
 
Statement of the problem
The study aims to assess the effects of incineration factors on the quality of silicafrom rice husk ash, and determine the optimum time and temperature in the production of goodquality silica from rice husk ash. Specifically, the study seeks to answer the following:1. what is the percent silica composition of rice husk ash?2. is there a significant difference in the quality of silica produced from rice husk ash under thedifferent incineration variables such as temperature and time variations?
1.3
 
Significance of the study
The study will be conducted mainly due to the commercial significance of silica.Rice husk is also viable since there are rice mills abound in Zamboanga Sibugay that it became apollutant in the environment. It is on the other hand beneficial in terms of the reduction of theenvironmental pollutant. The product-to be is on the other hand of cheap cost.
 H 
 a
: There is significance difference between the qualities of the silica synthesized underdifferent temperatures and time variations.
 H 
 o
: There is no significance difference between the qualities of the silica synthesized underdifferent temperatures and time variations.
1.4
 
Scope and delimitations
This study will collect rice husk from Brgy. JS Perfecto, RT Lim, ZamboangaSibugay. The study will be delimited in the synthesis of silica from rice husk using differentincineration variables that is, temperature and time. The silica will be synthesized from the ricehusk ash by treating the rice husk ash with different concentrations and volumes of preparedNaOH.

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