3Bush Administration Policy on China-Africa RelationsOnce the Bush administration belatedly began to focus in 2005 on the growing importance of Chinas role in Africa, it followed a generally constructive policy. Secretary of State Condoleezza Riceasserted in 2005 that America has reason to welcome the rise of a confident, peaceful, and prosperousChina. We want China as a global partner, able and willing to match its growing capabilities to itsinternational responsibilities.
Deputy Secretary of State Robert Zoellick subsequently called on Chinato become a responsible stakeholder in the system.
During congressional testimony in 2005, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs,Michael Ranneberger, commented that Chinas growing presence in Africa can increase the potential forcollaboration between the United States and China as part of a broader, constructive bilateralrelationship.
He added that the future of U.S.-China relations in Africa has yet to be charted, but afocused, direct dialogue is an essential starting point. The administration will continue to advance U.S.interests in Africa actively and to engage China directly, at all appropriate levels, to seek to develop newconcepts of cooperation that can advance our common interests.
Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Jendayi Frazer, began in 2005 the first of threerounds of bilateral discussions with her Chinese counterpart. The first meeting was perfunctory,although Frazer stated that the United States did not believe Chinas engagement in Africa was in directcompetition to the United States. The second round in 2007 dealt more specifically with debtsustainability, peacekeeping operations and conflict resolution in the Horn of Africa and the Great Lakesregion, Chinese companies reputational risks in Africa and transparency in the extractive industries. Itparticularly covered the situation in Darfur, a subject of considerable Chinese-American dialogue with avariety of officials.
The third and final round of United States-China meetings on Africa during the Bushadministration took place in Beijing in 2008. Frazer said that there may be opportunities for the twocountries to cooperate in building Africas infrastructure and its agriculture and health sectors. Sheadded that coordinating American and Chinese aid would prevent overlapping projects and lead to moreefficient use of resources. While expressing concern about Chinese lending practices and Chinas failureto endorse the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative for Africa, she praised Chinas efforts thatencouraged the government of Sudan to cooperate on peace talks on Darfur.
Rice remarks at Sophia University Tokyo on 19 March 2005.
Zoellick remarks before the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations on 21 September 2005.
Ranneberger testimony before the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Human Rights, and International Operationsof the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, 28 July 2005.
David H. Shinn, Chinas Engagement in Africa, in
nd the Bush Years
, eds. Jennifer G. Cookeand J. Stephen Morrison (Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2009), 148-149. Shinn,China and the Conflict in Darfur,
, vol. 16, issue 1 (Fall/Winter 2009), pp. 90-94.
Shinn, Chinas Engagement in Africa, pp. 149-150.