4. The Muslim Brotherhood is the most well-organized political force in Egypt today. It alsohas a broad socio-economic system (the
, built up over the years as a function of themovement's fundamental ideology.
Once Mubarak's regime was overthrown, theMuslim Brotherhood found itself in a forward position from which to attain power
than for others who participated in the protests in Tahrir Square, as can be seen by itssuccess in two of the three election rounds for the People's Assembly.
The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
was founded in Egypt by
Hassan al-Banna in the early 20
. Over the years
it grew to become the biggest and best-established of theMuslim Brotherhood movements in the Middle East and beyond, and one of thecentral movements of political Islam
The success of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt is rooted in a combination of ideology, politics and social work
. Ideologically, it is perceived as an authentic responseto the hegemony of "Western occupation," and attracted its following from among peoplewho had been disappointed by other ideologies. It also
found a foothold in the educatedurban middle class using its vast socio-economic system, the
to win thebattle for hearts and minds
It focused on responding to the problems of theordinary man in the street through its broad social welfare programs, whichincluded education and health care, along with preaching in its network of mosques
. They often supplanted dysfunctional state institutions and
became an effectivesocial network for the dissemination of the Muslim Brotherhood's religious andpolitical ideas
The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt is hostile to Israel because of its fundamentalideology.
The movement regards all the land of Palestine as an Islamic endowment (
rejects the State of Israel's right to exist
promotes an uncompromising jihadagainst Israel
absolutely rejects peace treaties and normalization with Israel
.In addition, it is consistently anti-Semitic and spreads anti-Semitism, either rooted in Islam orbased on
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
Publicly, however, it sometimes represents itself as moderate and pragmatic because it considers its image in the international community asimportant.