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ipc_e252

ipc_e252

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Published by: osintglobal on Jan 13, 2012
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049-11 
The Muslim Brotherhood in the ArabWorld and Islamic Communities inWestern Europe
1
 
1
Supplement and update for the June 19, 2011 ITIC study of the Muslim Brotherhood, "The Muslim Brotherhood isan Islamic mass movement whose worldview is based on the belief that “Islam is the solution” and on the stated aimof establishing a world order (a caliphate) based on Islamic religious law (Shariah) on the ruins of Westernliberalism..." athttp://www.terrorism-info.org.il/malam_multimedia/English/eng_n/pdf/ipc_e174.pdf .
December 26, 2011
The Meir Amit Intelligence andTerrorism Information Center
The emblem of the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan. The white circle isimprinted with the movement's militant motto: Allah is our objective, theprophet [Muhammad] is our leader, the Qur'an is our law, jihad is our way,death for the sake of Allah is our most exalted aspiration." Despite itbelligerent motto, the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan has shown a greatdegree of pragmatism and has been an opposition the Hashemite regime cantolerate, so far even after the regional uprisings.
 
2 
Overview
2
 
General Remarks
 
1.
 
This study is updates and supplements the ITIC's June 2011 study of the MuslimBrotherhood. It examines the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and other Arab countries in thewake of the past year's regional uprisings. It deals with the nature of the movement in eachcountry, its relations with the various regimes and evaluates its chances of exploiting regionalunrest to its own ends. It also examines the Muslim Brotherhood's branches in WesternEuropean countries and the implications of its activity for both internal European affairs andthe Palestinian-Israeli conflict.2. In the various Arab countries, the behavior of the Muslim Brotherhood has been influencedby the basic tension between the movement's ultimate goal of establishing a state runaccording to Islamic law (Sharia'h) and
the need to exhibit a certain degree of pragmatism and flexibility in relation to the movement's need to adapt itself tothe social and political conditions of each country
. Thus
it cannot be regarded asuniform throughout the Arab world for it is run differently in each country
,according to local circumstances and constraints. However,
there are connections andcommon learning within the movement
in Egypt and other countries in the Middle Eastand around the globe.3. The
Muslim Brotherhood's ideology
is based on the worldview of "Islam as thesolution" for every individual, social and political problem. Instituting a comprehensive"Muslim world order" will be possible, according to the movement and its founders, by meansof a long-term process of multiple stages. It will, through education, begin with the newMuslim individual, progress to his family, from his family to society at large and from there tothe new Muslim world order. Attaining political power includes winning elections and forminga state run according to Islamic law, the liberation of countries of Islam from a foreign yoke,uniting them into one Islamic entity, and spreading Islamic values around the globe on theruins of the liberal West.
How to implement the ideology is subject to broadinterpretation
, and there are pragmatic, conservative and extremist factions within themovement.
2
The full study in Hebrew can be found on our website and the English version is being translated and will shortlyappear in English.
 
3 
4. The Muslim Brotherhood is the most well-organized political force in Egypt today. It alsohas a broad socio-economic system (the
da'wah) 
, built up over the years as a function of themovement's fundamental ideology.
Once Mubarak's regime was overthrown, theMuslim Brotherhood found itself in a forward position from which to attain power
 than for others who participated in the protests in Tahrir Square, as can be seen by itssuccess in two of the three election rounds for the People's Assembly.
The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
5. The
Muslim Brotherhood
was founded in Egypt by
Hassan al-Banna in the early 20
th
 century
. Over the years
it grew to become the biggest and best-established of theMuslim Brotherhood movements in the Middle East and beyond, and one of thecentral movements of political Islam
.6.
The success of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt is rooted in a combination of ideology, politics and social work 
. Ideologically, it is perceived as an authentic responseto the hegemony of "Western occupation," and attracted its following from among peoplewho had been disappointed by other ideologies. It also
found a foothold in the educatedurban middle class using its vast socio-economic system, the
da'wah,
to win thebattle for hearts and minds
.
It focused on responding to the problems of theordinary man in the street through its broad social welfare programs, whichincluded education and health care, along with preaching in its network of mosques
. They often supplanted dysfunctional state institutions and
became an effectivesocial network for the dissemination of the Muslim Brotherhood's religious andpolitical ideas
.7.
The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt is hostile to Israel because of its fundamentalideology.
The movement regards all the land of Palestine as an Islamic endowment (
waqf 
),
rejects the State of Israel's right to exist
,
promotes an uncompromising jihadagainst Israel
, and
absolutely rejects peace treaties and normalization with Israel
.In addition, it is consistently anti-Semitic and spreads anti-Semitism, either rooted in Islam orbased on
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
Publicly, however, it sometimes represents itself as moderate and pragmatic because it considers its image in the international community asimportant.

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