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gen105_week8_reading1

gen105_week8_reading1

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Published by AJOHN151

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Published by: AJOHN151 on Nov 12, 2008
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05/09/2014

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36
“To be what we are,and to become what we are capable of becoming,is the only end of life.” 
ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON,
SCOTTISH NOVELIST AND POET
2
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Copyright ©2007 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Keys to College Studying:Becoming an ActiveThinker,
Second Edition, by Carol Carter, Joyce Bishop, and Sarah Lyman Kravits.Published by Pearson Prentice Hall.
 
37
 A 
s a college student, you are investing valuable resources—time,effort,and money—in your education.Learning is the return on thatinvestment.How well you learn, and therefore how good a returnyoureceive, depends, in part, on knowing yourself in two ways:knowing
how 
youlearn, and knowing what you want to
do 
with what you learn.This chapter focuses first on helping you identify your learning styles,because when you understand how you learn, you can make more active andeffective decisions about how to choose study strategies and pursue learninggoals.Then you will read about majors and careers, because knowing whereyouwant your education to take you willinspire you to work hard and staymotivated.Finally, the chapter includesimportant information about identifyingandmanaging learning disabilities.
In this chapter you will explore answers to the followingquestions:
How can you discover your learning styles?
What are the benefits of knowing how you learn?
How can you choose a major?
How can you identify and manage learning disabilities?
KNOWING YOUR TALENTS AND FINDING YOUR DIRECTION
ACTIVE
 THINKING
   S   K   I   L   L   W   I   L   L
      S      E      L      F   -      M      G      M      T  .
Learning Styles,Majors,and Careers
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Copyright ©2007 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Keys to College Studying:Becoming an ActiveThinker,
Second Edition, by Carol Carter, Joyce Bishop, and Sarah Lyman Kravits.Published by Pearson Prentice Hall.
 
38
PART I
Knowledge,Skills,and Preparation
HOW CAN YOU DISCOVER YOURLEARNING STYLES?
 Y 
our
learning style
—your mind’s particular way of taking in andprocessing information—is as unique as you are. Everyone has somethings that they do well and other things that they find difficult. Tolearn successfully, you need to maximize your strengths and compensate foryour weaknesses. The first step toward that goal is pinpointing what thosestrengths and weaknesses
are
—and that’s what learning styles assessmentswill help you discover.This chapter presents two assessments designed to help you figure outhow you learn and interact. The first—
Multiple Pathways to Learning 
focuses on learning strengths and preferences and is based on ProfessorHoward Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences Theory. The second—the
Personality Spectrum
—is based on the Myers–Briggs Type Inventory
®
(MBTI) and helps you evaluate how you react to people and situations.
Put Assessment Results in Perspective
First, remember that any assessment is simply a snapshot, a look at who youare at a given moment. Your answers can, and will, change as you and thecircumstances around you change. These assessments help you look at thepresent—and plan for the future—by asking questions: Who am I rightnow? How does this compare to who I want to be?Second, there are no “right” answers, no “best” set of scores. Think of your responses in the same way you would if you were trying on a new setof eyeglasses to correct blurred vision. The glasses will not create newpaths and possibilities, but they will help you see more clearly the ones thatalready exist.Following each assessment is information about the typical traitsof,and appropriate study strategies for, each intelligence or personalityspectrum dimension. As you will see from your scores, you have abilities inall areas, though some are more developed than others. Therefore, you willfind useful suggestions under all the headings. As an active thinker, your jobis to try different techniques and continue to use what works for you.
Assess Your Multiple Intelligences
In 1983, Howard Gardner, a Harvard University professor, changed theway people perceive intelligence and learning with his theory of MultipleIntelligences. As defined by Gardner, an
intelligence
is an ability to solveproblems or fashion products that are useful in a particular cultural settingor community. Gardner believes that there are at least eight intelligences
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Copyright ©2007 by Pearson Education, Inc.
Keys to College Studying:Becoming an ActiveThinker,
Second Edition, by Carol Carter, Joyce Bishop, and Sarah Lyman Kravits.Published by Pearson Prentice Hall.

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