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The Life Cycle of Worms

The Life Cycle of Worms

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Published by Nikko Adhitama
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Published by: Nikko Adhitama on Nov 14, 2008
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11/24/2012

 

1. The Phylum of Platyhelminthes
Platyhelminthes derived from Greek word,
Platy 
means flat and
helminthes 
 means worm. Platyhelminthes is triploblastic acelomates organism. This phylum isclassified into three main classes; cestoda, trematoda, and tubellarian.A. The Life Cycle of
Fasciola hepatica 
 
Fasciola hepatica 
, also known as the common liver fluke or sheep liverfluke, is a parasitic flatworm of the class trematoda, phylum Platyhelminthesthat infects liver of a various mammals, including man. The disease caused bythe fluke is called fascioliasis (also known as fasciolosis).
F. hepatica 
is world-wide distributed and causes great economic losses in sheep.
 
Scientific classification
 
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
 
Class: TrematodaSubclass: Digenea
 
Order: Echinostomida
 
Family: Fasciolidae
 
Genus:
Fasciola 
 
Species:
F. hepatica 
 
Binomial name
 
Fasciola hepatica 
 
(Linnaeus, 1758)
 
The life cycle of liver fluke can bedescribed as the picture above. The adultworm, who live in the bile duct produce eggthat will be emitted through the feces. As theegg released from the host
,
they will hatch,releasing the miracidia (larva I). Themiracidia penetrated the snails then developand multiply as sporocyst, rediae andcercariae. The cercariae leave the snailsand swim until they adhere on vegetation,forming metacercariae (young fluke) whichare the infective stage of the liver fluke.The entire cycle takes about 2-3months.
 
If the grass eated by sheep or other hosts (including human) themetacercariae enter the small intestine and penetrate the intestinal wall andenter the abdominal cavity. The young fluke penetrated into the liver andmove to the bile duct for releasing eggs.
B. The Life Cycle of
Clonorchis sinensis 
 The
Clonorchis sinensis 
is a human liver fluke in the class Trematoda,Phylum Platyhelminthes. This parasite lives in the liver of humans, and is foundmainly in the common bile duct and gall bladder, feeding on bile. These animals,which are believed to be the third most prevalent worm parasite in the world, areendemic to Japan, China, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia, currently infecting anestimated 30,000,000 humans.
Scientific classification
 
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
 
Class: TrematodaOrder: OpisthorchiidaFamily: OpisthorchiidaeGenus:
Clonorchis 
 
Species:
sinensis 
 Binomial name
 
Clonorchis sinensis 
 
Looss, 1907
 
The life cycle of
Clonorchis sinensis 
isalmost the same with
Fasciola hepatica.
Theadult worm, which live in the bile duct,produce egg that will be emitted through thefaeces. The egg then floating in the freshwater until it’s eaten by snails as miracidia.Miracidia penetrated the snails thendevelops and multiplies as sporocyst, rediaeand cercariae. The cercariae leave thesnails and swim until they adhereparasitically on fish, forming metacercariae.The animal or human who eats thosefish without good sanitation can be infected.
 
C. The Life Cycle o
Scientific classifica
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: PlatyhelminClass: Cestoda
 
Order: CyclophylliFamily: TaeniidaeGenus:
Taenia 
 
Species:
solium 
 Binomial name
 
Taenia solium 
 
Linnaeus, 1758
 
The life
saginata 
in humthe grass. TheThe eggs hatchoncospheres danimal in raw ctheir scolex. Adthan 1000 progsmall intestine fOne thin
saginata 
don’t h 
2. The Phylum of
f
Taenia solium 
and
Taenia saginat 
 
 
ion
 
thes
 
ea
 
ycle started when the egg (gravidan feces released in the environmenrass then eaten by cow (for
T. sa 
es become oncospheres and movevelop become cycsticerci. The hundition will be infected too. Cysts atlt tapeworms develop, up to 2 to 7lottids, each with approximately 50,r years.that differentiate
T. solium 
andave chitin hook while
T. solium 
have.
Nemathelminthes
prologtid) of
T. solium 
or
T.
t. These eggs then adhere in
inata 
) or pig (for
T. solium 
).to the animal’s flesh. There,man who eats the infectedach to the small intestine byin length and produce less000 eggs and reside in the
. saginata 
is their hook.
T.
 
Scientific classification
 
Kingdom: Animalia
 
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
 
Class: Cestoda
 
Order: Cyclophyllidea
 
Family: TaeniidaeGenus:
Taenia 
 
Species:
saginata 
 Binomial name
 
Taenia saginata 
 
Goeze, 1782
 

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