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Does Electrification Improve the Quality of Rural Life? Asian Development Bank's Assistance for Rural Electrification in Bhutan

Does Electrification Improve the Quality of Rural Life? Asian Development Bank's Assistance for Rural Electrification in Bhutan

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This report presents an impact evaluation study of the housing finance component of the Urban Development and Low-Income Housing Project in Sri Lanka (Loan 1632). The study empirically assessed the socioeconomic impacts of the project's housing loans and, on that basis, provides lessons and recommendations to help enhance the development effectiveness of ADB's future low-income housing finance projects.
This report presents an impact evaluation study of the housing finance component of the Urban Development and Low-Income Housing Project in Sri Lanka (Loan 1632). The study empirically assessed the socioeconomic impacts of the project's housing loans and, on that basis, provides lessons and recommendations to help enhance the development effectiveness of ADB's future low-income housing finance projects.

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12/03/2013

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Evaluation Study
Independent Evaluation Department
Reference Number: IES: BHU 2010-27Impact Evaluation StudyNumber: 26194August 2010
Asian Development Bank's Assistance for RuralElectrification in Bhutan—Does ElectrificationImprove the Quality of Rural Life?
 
 
CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS
 (as of 31 August 2010)Currency Unitngultrum (Nu)Nu1.00= $0.02131$1.00= Nu46.92
ABBREVIATIONS
 ADB Asian Development BankADF Asian Development FundBPC Bhutan Power CorporationDMC developing member countryFGD focus group discussionIEG Independent Evaluation GroupJICA Japan International Cooperation AgencykWh kilowatt-hour OLS ordinary least squaresPCR project completion reportPSM propensity score matchingPVR project completion report validation reportRE – rural electrificationRENEP Rural Electrification and Network Expansion ProjectSAPE sector assistance program evaluationSREP Sustainable Rural Electrification ProjectTA technical assistanceWTP willingness to pay
GLOSSARY
 
bukhari 
 – fuelwood based house or space heating system with smokeexhaust through chimney
chorten 
 – religious structure
dzongdey 
 – administrative zone
dzonkhag 
 – district
gewog 
 – group of villages
gup 
 – village leader 
NOTE
 In this report, "$" refers to US dollars. 
 
 In preparing any evaluation report, or by making any designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the Independent Evaluation Department does notintend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status of any territory or area.
Director General
H. S. Rao, Independent Evaluation Department (IED)
Director
R. B. Adhikari, Independent Evaluation Division 1, IED
Team leader
G. Rauniyar, Senior Evaluation Specialist, Independent EvaluationDivision 1, IED
Team members
A. Morales, Evaluation Officer, Independent Evaluation Division 1, IEDV. Melo, Operations Evaluation Assistant, Independent EvaluationDivision 1, IED
Independent Evaluation Department, IE-73Key Words
adb, administrative zone, asian development bank, bhutan, electrified village, focus groupdiscussion, fuelwood, ied, impact evaluation, independent evaluation department, ordinary leastsquares, propensity score matching, religious structure, rural electrification assistance,unelectrified village, willingness to pay

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