Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Modern Mechanics and Mathematics – An International Conference in Honour of Ray Ogden’s 60th Birthday

Modern Mechanics and Mathematics – An International Conference in Honour of Ray Ogden’s 60th Birthday

Ratings: (0)|Views: 35|Likes:
Published by Archmca

More info:

Published by: Archmca on Feb 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/13/2014

pdf

text

original

 
Modern Mechanics and Mathematics
– An International Conference in Honour of Ray Ogden’s 60th Birthday
Keele University, 26-28 August 2003
ABSTRACTS
1 Combined axial shearing and straightening of elastic an-nular cylindrical sectors
M. Aron
, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL48AA.Email: M.Aron@plymouth.ac.ukThe axial shear deformation of compressible nonlinearly elastic circular cylinders has re-ceived considerable attention over the past decade. In particular, it was shown by Beatty& Jiang (1999) and Kirkinis & Ogden (2003) that in an isotropic material this deforma-tion may coexist with the circular shear deformation of such cylinders, and by Polignone& Horgan (1992) that this deformation is not possible ( with zero body forces ) in anyHadamard-Green solid that is not of Neo-Hookean type.Here we consider the combined axial shearing and straightening of an annular cylindricalsector which is a deformation that, following Truesedll & Noll (1965) and Hill (1973), wedescribe in terms of two prescribed constants and two unknown functions that dependonly on the radial material co-ordinate. Under the assumption that the material is elastic,compressible and isotropic, we show that for equilibrium in the absence of body forcesthe unknown functions must satisfy a system of 1st order non-linear ordinary differentialequations. The system of differential equations can be de-coupled for certain materialclasses one of which is the (whole ) class of Hadamard-Green materials. Thus, severalnew exact solutions are obtained and, under the assumption that the annular cylindricalsector is composed of a Hadamard-Green material that is strongly-elliptic, the existenceand uniqueness of solutions for two types of boundary conditions is established.
References
1. Beatty, M.F. and Jiang, Q.: On compressible materials capable of sustaining axisym-metric shear deformations III. Helical shear of isotropic hyperelastic materials.
Quart.Appl. Math.
57
(1999), 681-697.2. Hill, J,M.: Partial solutions of finite elasticity- Three dimensional deformations.
ZAMP 
24
(1973), 609-618.1
 
3. Kirkinis,E. and Ogden, R.W.: On helical shear of a compressible elastic circularcylindrical tube.
Q. Jl. Mech. Appl. Math.
56
(2003), 105-122.4. Polignone, D.A. and Horgan, C.O.: Axisymmetric finite anti-plane shear of compress-ible nonlinearly elastic circular tubes.
Quart. Appl. Math.
50
(1992), 323-341.5. Truedell, C. and Noll, W.: The non-linear field theories of mechanics.
Handbuch der Physik III/3,
ed., S.Flugge, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1965.
2 Investigation of mechanical properties of cell membranes
Eveline Baesu
, Department of Engineering Mechanics University of Nebraska-Lincoln,Lexington, KY 40591-0215.Email: ebaesu@unlserve.unl.eduIt has been observed that subtle changes of mechanical properties of cells are correlatedwith changes in the state of their health. A theory is presented to describe the nonlinearmechanical properties of living cell membranes, and in particular the response to probingby Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The general theory of liquid crystal bilayer surfaceswith local bending resistance is used in a variational setting to obtain the equations thatdescribe equilibrium states. This analysis will guide the development of a new generation of cantilever-based MEMS/NEMS for in vivo/vitro investigation of microbiological systems.Refinements associated with global constraints on the enclosed volume, and contact witha rigid substrate, taking the cytoskeleton into consideration are introduced and discussed.A procedure is also given for identifying material constants for the cell membrane throughcorrelation with AFM data.
3 Dead loading of a unit cube of compressible isotropic elas-tic material
R.S. Rivlin
and
M.F. Beatty
, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015 and Universityof Nebraska-Lincoln, P.O. Box 910215, Lexington, KY 40591-0215.Email: res0guxi@verizon.netA unit cube of compressible isotropic elastic material undergoes homogeneous dilatationby dead loading forces applied to its faces. Conditions are obtained for stability of theresulting equilibrium state. The physical nature of these conditions is described and theresults are illustrated for a compressible Blatz-Ko foamed rubber material.
4 On Jaeger shear and shearing
Ph. Boulanger
and
M. Hayes
, epartement de Matematique, Universie Libre de Brux-elles, Campus Plaine C.P.218/1, 1050 Bruxelles - Belgium, and Department of MechanicalEngineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 - Ireland. michael.hayes@ucd.ieEmail: phboul@ulb.ac.be, and michael.hayes@ucd.ie2
 
At any point
in a body which is subjected to a finite deformation, the angle between apair of material line elements at
is generally changed. The change in angle is called the“Cauchy shear” of this pair of material line elements. Jaeger introduced another concept of shear. He considered a material line element and the planar material element orthogonal tothis line element, so that the normal to the planar element is along the line element. Afterdeformation, the line element and the normal, which were initially along the same directionmake a certain angle. We call this angle the “Jaeger shear” associated with this direction.Analogously to the definition of Jaeger shear we introduce and examine the concept of “Jaeger shearing”. It depends upon just one direction, whereas shearing in the sense of Cauchy depends upon two directions. Results are presented relating the Jaeger shear andJaeger shearing to corresponding orthogonal shear and shearing, in the sense of Cauchy, of appropriate pairs of material line elements. Also it is seen that the maximum Jaeger shearor Jeager shearing at
at time
t
is also the maximum Cauchy shear or Cauchy shearingat
at time
t
.
5 On maximum shear
Ph. Boulanger
and
M. Hayes
, epartement de Math´ematique, Universit´e Libre deBruxelles, Campus Plaine C.P.218/1, 1050 Bruxelles - Belgium, and Department of Mechan-ical Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 - Ireland. michael.hayes@ucd.ieEmail: phboul@ulb.ac.be, and michael.hayes@ucd.ieThe problem of the determination at any point
in a body of that pair of infinitesimalmaterial line elements which suffers the maximum shear in a deformation has been solved[1]. For arbitrary pairs of material line elements, whether orthogonal or not, it was shownanalytically that the pair suffering the greatest shear lies in the principal plane of largestand least stretch, denoted by
λ
3
and
λ
1
respectively, and is symmetrically disposed aboutthe principal axis corresponding to the least stretch
λ
1
. It subtends the angle Θ
max
, givenby tan(Θ
max
/
2) = (
λ
1
3
)
1
/
2
. Also, the maximum shear, denoted by
γ 
max
, is
γ 
max
=
π
max
.Here that problem is revisited and a short proof, of geometrical type, of the result ispresented.
References
1. Ph. Boulanger and M. Hayes, On Finite Shear,
Arch. Rational Mech. Anal.
151
(2000), 125–185.
6 Swelling of particle-enhanced elastomers and gels
S. Therkelsen
and
M.C. Boyce
, Department of Mechanical Engineering, MassachusettsInstitute of Technology Cambridge, MA, USAEmail: mcboyce@mit.edu3

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->