Understanding Pen Digitizers
The key to any pen tablet or touchpad is the hardware system itself, which is referred to asthe
. A digitizer converts the analog position of a pen (or finger contact in the caseof a touchpad) on the contact surface into a set of horizontal (X) and vertical (Y) coordinatedata. In most cases, this position data is passed to the host computer through an ordinary se-rial (COM) port. The operating system and drivers interpret those coordinates and will ei-ther activate pixels on the display, which echo the pen’s position (called the
), or respond to a gesture according to the rules of an operating system. To interpret cursive (handwrit-ten) characters or gestures drawn with a pen, the operating system compares the size, direc-tion, and sequence of each stroke against information contained in a database. When amatch occurs, the computer responds accordingly. For instance, the pen computer might in-terpret a “cross-out” pen motion as a delete command, or as an upper or lower case “x”. Thischapter covers three major digitizer technologies: resistive, capacitive, and electromagnetic.
are the simplest and least-expensive type of digitizer. They are applied in older low-end pen-computer (PDA) systems. You might encounter two varieties of resis-tive digitizer: single-layer digitizers and double-layer digitizers. The diagram for a single-layer resistive digitizer is illustrated in Fig. 34-3. A layer of conductive transparent film isapplied over a protective glass cover. For a pen computer, the film and glass are then
S Y S T E M DAT AANDT R O UBL E S H O OT I N G
Overlay control signalsResistiveoverlayStyluscableStylusLCDmoduleOverlaycontrollerICOverlaydate(0D0 to 0D7)ProtectiveglasslayerControllogic A/DconverterSwitch
A single-layer resistive digitizer.