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Thesis Final

Thesis Final

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Published by Max Zahniser

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Published by: Max Zahniser on Feb 15, 2012
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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSTABLE OF CONTENTS
Thank you to the mentors, Debra Ruben, RenaCumby, Malcolm Clendenin, and Max Zahniser,who encourage my investigations and give themfocus. Thanks to all those people in my life whosupport my ambitions, debate my assumptions,and push my ideas. Finally, thank you to allthe creative people in every field of study andpractice who dare to question convention forthe sake of reimagining a better world.Abstract and Proposal 4Introduction 7Architectural Precedence 11The Culture of Change: An Investigationof ecology, philosophy, and society 19The Aesthetics of Biological Systems 39The Built Environment as Extension ofOrganism, Ecosystem, Earth 57Conclusion 92EDEN Ecological DevelopmentEmergent Neighborhood 96Program 102Client Profile andPerformance Goals 109Site 110Executive Summary 120Bibliography 124Image Reference 129
 
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DESIGN EVOLUTION: IN SEARCH OF AN ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE
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ESIGN EVOLUTION: IN SEARCH OF AN ECOLOGICAL ARCHITECTURE
 
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Architects and designers have adopted thephilosophy and methods of sustainableconstruction as a basis for good design.However, an aesthetic that expresses themovement’s motivations is still in its infancy.This thesis proposes to discover an ecologicalarchitecture by finding a link between designprocess and established environmentalphilosophy. The results express naturethrough structure, look to the earth as adesign generator, and understand that the builtenvironment is merely another extension of thenatural environment.
Manyarchitecturalmovementsthroughouthistoryhavebeeninuencedbyaphilosophythatinuencedthepervadingculture.BrunelleschihashisHumanism;EisenmanhisDeconstrucon.Findinganecologicalaesthecinarchitecturewillrequirethesamemethod.Thisthesiswillrstoverviewarchitecturemovementsfromthe20thcentury–suchasModernsim,Post-Modernism,Deconstrucvism,and1960sEco-Architecture–toshowthisconneconandgivecontextforthecurrentSustainablemovement.Next,theworkwillinvesgateestablishedenvironmentalphilosophy,biology,andecologythatmighthaveimplicaonsfordesign.TheAmericanPastoralIdealheldinhighregardbyThomasJeersonandRalphWaldoEmersonwillgivesomeinsightabouthowthethinkersatthedawnoftheindustrialrevoluonconceivedthe“virgin”landofanewrepublicandchangingtechnology.TheBiophiliaHypothesisexplainswhyhumanshavesuchaninnateneedtoconnecttonature.DeepEcologyorEcosophysuggeststhathumansshouldsllliveinharmonywithnaturalprocesses.WhileDeepEcology
ABSTRACT
theoristsargueoverwhetherhumansarepartofnature(monisc)ornot(dualisc),theGaiaHypothesisrmlyproposesamoniscview,suggesngthattheearthisonelargeorganismwithinterconnectedprocesses.Autopoiesisexplorestherelaonshipbetweenstructureandfunconbytheorizingthatinternalprocessesinherentlymaintainthegreaterwhole.Finally,PleistoceneHypothesissuggeststhathumanshaveaninnatedesiretoreturntoatribalsocietythathumanslivedinpriortotheinvenonofagriculture.Thethesiswillthenconnectphilosophyandprocessbylookingtoarchitecturalandaesthectheorists.Humanevoluonisacontroversialissueinthescienccommunity,butsometheorists,suchasIanMcHarg,havefoundaconneconbetweenevoluonandthecreaveprocessasanindicatorthathumansareindeedsllevolving.JanineBenyus’theoryofBiomimcrylookstonatureforformandfunconofbuiltenvironments.Whiletheinclinaonmightbetoseetechnologyasapartfromnature,LeoMarxwrotethattechnology,aesthecs,andnaturecanfusetogetherwithoutcontradiconinboththedesignandbuildingprocess.Finally,masscustomizaonandtheinvenonofnonlinearsystemshasallowedarchitectssuchasKieran/Timberlakeulizetheposiveaspectsofprefabricaontocreateuniquestructuresthatgrowoutsidetheshippingcrate.Achoicefewcasestudiestobolsterargumentswillgivevisualizaontopriortheorecaldiscussions.Thepaperwillconcludewithsummaryargumentsofhowdiscoveriesfoundinthethesismightapplytoarchitecturalanddesignpracce.Thisthesiswillusevariousmethodsofresearchtoestablisharguments.Theworkwillulizeinterprevehistoricalresearchtoidenfykeyideaswithinsciencandphilosophicalbooksandarclesthatapplytotopicofinquiry.Somequalitaveresearchwillaidindiscoveringthehumanconnecontonature.Logicalargumentaonresearchwillmakeupthesubstanceofthestudyasstructuresofthoughtfromdierentdisciplinesfusetogethertoreinforcetheoverarchingarguments.Finally,casestudieswillbecarefullychosenthatulizemanycharacteriscestablishedintheconclusionsofthepaper.
PROPOSALRESEARCH METHODS

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