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Prompting Interaction in ELT

Prompting Interaction in ELT

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Published by whistleblower
A PDF version of my eBook available on iTunes here - http://www.eltexperiences.com/p/book-reviews.html
A PDF version of my eBook available on iTunes here - http://www.eltexperiences.com/p/book-reviews.html

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Published by: whistleblower on Feb 18, 2012
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11/10/2013

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Dogme ELT:Promoting AuthenticInteraction in ELT
 WWW.ELTEXPERIENCES.COM
MARTIN SKETCHLEY 
iBooks Author
 
The emphasis on more recent approachesand methods of language teaching relieson improving students’ communication.However, much of the material that is de- veloped by many publishers focus on com-munication but not on authentic conversa-tion. The lesson ideas that prompt authen-tic conversation, proposed in this eBook re-quire very little material and preparation.
iBooks Author
 
S
ECTION
1
 An Introduction to DogmeELT
Dogme ELT was initially intro-duced to the EFL profession when “Scott Thornbury teasedout an analogy between theDogme 95 film-makers collec-tive and the current state of ELT” (Meddings & Thornbury 2003) with an over relianceon materials, aids and technology in the classroom. ScottThornbury noted that EFL teaching has copious amounts of primary and supplementary resources and that Dogme ELTteaching should include the resources that teachers and stu-dents bring to the classroom (2000).There are three key principles with Dogme ELT which in-clude an emphasis and interest in teaching via a
conversation-driven
principle, focus on
emergent lan-guage
’ which could offer potential opportunities to scaffoldimmediate learner language, and the final principle encour-ages learners and teachers to focus on a ‘
materials-light 
classroom rather than over relying on imported materialsand worksheets to prompt artificial and inauthentic conversa-tion.
Conversation-Driven
The most important tenet of Dogme ELT, proposed by Med-dings & Thornbury (2009), is that the classroom should focuson a ‘
conversation-driven
principle. Nonetheless, what ismeant by the term ‘
conversation
’? Cambridge AdvancedLearner’s Dictionary (2008) defines ‘
conversation
’ as the“talk between two or more people in which thoughts, feelingsand ideas are expressed, questions are asked and answered, ornews and information are exchanged” (p.306). Conversationis also described by Thornbury & Slade (2006) as “the kind of speech that happens informally, symmetrically and for the pur-poses of establishing and maintaining social ties” (p.25). It isinteresting to note that there is an association of informality related to the term ‘conversation’, as the most important tenetof Dogme ELT requires the incorporation and practice of a‘conversation driven’ attitude. Naturally, one would questionthe suitability of incorporating ‘conversation’ within the class-room due to its ‘informal’ association. Nevertheless, Farring-ton (1981) noted that a ‘conversation class’ would be more
2
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