On DePaul lab computers, go to PROGRAMS, then STATISTICAL SOFTWARE and
click on SPSS
Alternatively, you can open a pre-existing data set (like the one used for this lab) and it
List each participant (give them ID numbers\u2014PROTECT CONFIDENTIALITY)
descending in the first column.
Each of the following columns represents one of your variables. In SPSS, make sure to
CODE all variables into NUMERIC values. You can use SPSS to compute statistics for
numbers (not written variables). For example, Year (1= Freshmen, 2= Sophomore, 3=
Junior, 4= Senior). You can also DICHOTOMIZE variables (assigning them a score of 0
or 1, depending on presence or absence\u2014good for things like gender, presence/absence
of a behavior [observational research]). For example, Graduate School Plans... 0= no
school, 1= planning on going to grad school.
Go to ANALYZE, then DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS in the dropdown menu, and then
Move variables of interest over into the column on the right. Click the box for DISPLAY
FREQUENCY TABLES. Next hit CHARTS. From here you can click whatever chart
type you are comfortable with. I generally recommend choosing HISTOGRAM, and I
would also click on checkbox for WITH NORMAL CURVE. Then hit OK.
You will see a print out like this:
(theVal id lets you know how many pieces of data were entered for this variable [also see
theN\u2014Sample Size],Missing lets you know how many data points in this variable are
14 12 10
(this is a histogram of the chart\u2014it gives you a visual view of what your data
distribution/variability of the data, as well as the central tendencies, including how
NORMAL the data is\u2014again, NORMAL data will look somewhat like a bell-curve)
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?