Whittle 2Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, to date has been theonly architect to win the White House, which was designed by Irishman James Hobsonof Kilkenny, based on Leinster House, which is home to the Dail Eireanu (IrishParliament) (Sweeney).
He was the owner of “three copies of [Andrea] Palladio‟s books”,
and applied his tastes into the plans of Monticello and the original buildings of theUniversity of Virginia (LaChiusa). Along with George Washington, Jefferson took architecture very seriously (
2), and both were inspired by Sir
Christopher Wren‟s London Reconstruction Plan as a model for the new national capital
Pierre Charles L‟Enfant, a French born civil engineer, was hired by
President Washington to design his namesake city in the District of Columbia, based onthe school of Wren (Aikman 17).
Jefferson coined his own work “Classicism” after
diplomating in France, with the inspiration of the Parisan Greek Revival, which of most were actually based on Palladian thoughts. The federal government followed suit(Glancey).
This style, called Jeffersonian Classicism, was a variant of “Roman”, popular
from 1770-1830 (Foster 228).However, Jeffersonian Classicism was not the sole variant of Roman during thefoundation of our nation. Massachusetts architects Charles Bulfinch of Boston andSamuel McIntire of Salem were the most popular practitioners of the Adamesque, orFederal Style, attributed from the Georgian styles of Scottish architect and furnituredesigner Robert Adam and his brothers (
2). The term
“Georgian” comes from the style of houses that were built during the reign of the first
four Georges on the B
ritish throne, hence the “Colonial Georgian” designation
This evolved into the “American Federalist”
(Craven) style after the American Revolutionary War (Anderson Ctr. 1). The Federal Period overlapped the