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Prelab 10

Prelab 10

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Published by Trixy Carreon

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Published by: Trixy Carreon on Mar 20, 2012
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03/20/2012

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Lourdes Patricia L. Carreon January 26, 2011Zaborah Eunice Bobadilla, Nerissa Unielle Quenga, Bernadette Toledo
Aldehydes and ketones
 I. Objectives
 
To perform qualitative analysis in order to examine the reactivities of various aldehydesand ketones
 II. Schematic Diagram of Procedure
A.
 
Reaction with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (2,4-DNPH)B.
 
Tollens
Test C.
 
Schiff 
s Test 5 drops 95%CH
3
CH
2
OH inthree separatemicro test tubes+2 dropsacetone to onetest tube and+2 drops of benzaldehyde
to another one
+1mL 2,4-DNPH in HClsoln to each of the three test tubesrecord color of ppt formed
5 drops Tollens' reagent in 3 separate micro test tubesTT1: + 1 drop formalin;TT2: +1 drop acetone;TT3: +1 dropbenzaldehydeobserve formation of silver mirrorif no formation, warmin hot bath (aromatichalides: heating)when silver mirrorforms, pour out contents of TT and rinsewith water
4 drops Schiff'sreagent in 3separate microtest tubesTT 1: +1 dropformalin; TT2:+1 dropacetone; TT2:+1 dropbenzaldehydeshake andrecord colordevelopment in3-4 mins
 
D.
 
Benedict 
s Test E.
 
Iodoform Test F.
 
Effect of Acid Concentration on the Rate of Addition of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine
5 drops Benedict'sreagent in 2separate micro TT'sTT 1: + 2 dropsformalin; TT 2: +2dropsbenzaldehydeplace in hot waterbath and noteformation of brick red ppt 
5 drops 10%NaOH in 2separate TTsTT 1: + 2 dropsacetone; TT 2: 2
drops 95%
CH
3
CH
2
OH+ I
2
in KI solndropwise and
shake TT's after
each dropcontinue untilsoln turns paleyellowwarm soln inwater bathif soln becomescolorless, + I
2
inKI soln and note if 
soln turns yellow
weigh 0.15g 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazinein beaker and dissolvein 15 mL acetonedecant if there areundissolved solids5 drops of 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazinesoln into 4 diff TT'sone TT is the standardTT 1: +1 drop 0.1MCH
3
COOH; TT 2: +1drop 0.1 M HCl; TT 3:+1 drop 1.0 M HClnote time of mixing andtime when crystalsappear
 
 III. Table of Reagents/Products

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